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Public Transports In India:
The first state transport corporation was, “North Bengal State Transport Corporation” which was established by the then Raj Durbar rule on 1st of April, 1945. The service was started with buses and trucks that were only three respectively and is still an active service helping hundreds of passengers in Northern region in West Bengal. In Indian cities, buses make up over 90% of public transport which offer a low cost and comfortable mechanism for transportation for people from all walks of life. Most of these services are provided by state road transport corporations which are owned and run by the respective state governments. Post-liberalization, brought about changes in the many of these establishments which have come out with number of facilities such as low-floor buses for the physically challenged and air-conditioned buses to appeal people driving cars and help in reducing traffic. The first Indian city was Bengaluru to have initiated Volvo B7RLE buses within the city in January of 2006.
In order to enhance the public transport systems in cities, many state governments have introduced Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems and AC buses. Bus Rapid Transit systems can be seen in the cities of Pune, Delhi, Ahemdabad and other cities. While new systems are being introduced in the cities of Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and Bengaluru. On the other hand, High Capacity buses have been introduced in the cities of Mumbai, Bengaluru, Nagpur and Chennai. In India, Bengaluru introduced the first AC bus stop at Cubbon Park. Buses with two compartments were initiated by APSRTC to operate primarily in the region of Greater Hyderabad. This service is targeted to serve as a cheap solution to financially backward classes of the society to reach the nearest bus stations.
Semi low floor buses that have been introduced in the city of Trivandrum and in Kerala state provide a comfortable travel option. JNNURM buses are the first among the semi low floor in AC and Non AC categories. The new fleet consists of 120 buses have been introduced in the Trivandrum city. These buses are equipped with high standard air suspension, rear engines, good quality seating for comfort, LED lighting, etc. These buses are fitted with 1100mm width two doors, one in the front and the other in the middle. The driver can control these doors.
These features aid in smooth entry of the passengers and exit. Semi low floors non AC buses come in green while AC buses come in Orange color. Both these types of buses bore the signs of JNNURM and KSRTC.
Government Bus Service Providers
Bus Services In Andhra Pradesh – APSRTC | Bus Services in Arunachal Pradesh - APSTS | Bus Services in Bihar - BSTDC |Bus Services In Karnataka - KSRTC | Bus Services In Kerala – KSRTC | Bus Services In Assam - ASTC | Bus Services In Goa - KTC | Bus Services In Gujarat - GSRTC | Bus Services In Haryana - HSRTC | Bus Services In Himachal Pradesh - HRTC | Bus Services in Jammu & Kashmir - JKSRTC | Bus Services in Manipur - MSRTC | Bus Services in Meghalaya | Bus Services In Madhya Pradesh - MPRDC | Bus Services In Maharashtra - MSRTC | Bus Services In Mizoram - MST | Bus Services In Nagaland - NST | Bus Services In Orissa - OSRTC | Bus Services In Punjab - PRTC | Bus Services In Rajasthan - RSRTC | Bus Services in Tripura | Bus Services In Tamil Nadu - TNSTC | Bus Services In Uttar Pradesh - UPSRTC | Bus Services In Uttarakhand - UTC | Bus Services In West Bengal - WBSTC
Private Bus Service Providers
KPN Travels | Kesineni Travels | Amarnath Travels | ARC Travels | Bharathi Travels | City Travels | Dhanunjaya Travels | Diwakar Travels | Durgamba Travels | Eagle Travels | Hans Travels | Heena Travels | HKB Travels | Jabbar Travels | Kallada Travels | Kannathal Travels | Kaveri Kamakshi Travels | Kesari Tours And Travels | Khurana Travels | Konduskar Travels | Lucky travels | Mahasagar Travels | Model Travels | Morning Star Travels | National Travels | Navin Travels | Neeta Travels | Omar Travels | Panicker Travels | Parveen Travels | Paulo Travels | Prasanna Travels | Rajesh Travels | Rathimeena Travels | Renganathan Travels | Sachin Travels | Shama Sardar Travels | Shama Travels | Sindhu Travels | SRKT Travels | Southern Travels | SRM Travels | SRS Travel | Universal Travels | Vivegam Travel
Traditionally, many of the Indian taxicabs were both Premier Padmini and Hindustan Ambassador cars. But, in the later years, cars such as Chevrolet Tavera, Maruti Esteem, Maruti Omni, Mahindra Logan, Tata Indica, Toyota Innova, Hyundai Santro and Tata Indigo have found their place with taxi drivers. The attire of Indian taxis differs between states. In Maharashtra and Delhi, almost all the taxicabs are in yellow-black and in West Bengal, the usual color is yellow. There is no hard and fast rule for specific color for taxi drivers. However, the registration for these vehicles must be done as commercial vehicles.
Taxis in various cities and states can be hired at taxi-stands. Cities like Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, one can hire taxis by making calls to them over the phone. Where as in cities like Kolkata and Mumbai, taxis are available on streets. Indian Government laid rules, that all taxis need to be fitted with fare-meters. Luggage will attract extra surcharges, rides late in the night will also be extra and passengers will have to pay for toll taxes also. Radio taxis, introduced in 2006, are becoming more popular with people for reasons of convenience and safety.
Taxis are costly in some cities and towns and here there is no adherence to government rules for controlled fares, there people opt for share taxis. Those are regular taxis which carry single or multiple passengers who are dropped at their destinations which are nearby. This is very helpful for people who travel to single destinations or destinations along the route. Passengers will pay according to their distance from the destinations. An equivalent system is present for auto rickshaws, called as share autos. More...
An auto rickshaw is a three wheeled vehicle for hire. The vehicle lacks doors and generally has a small space in the front, for the driver and seating place for passengers at the rear. In most cases, auto rickshaws are painted yellow, green and black colors and it is covered with black, yellow, or green canopy on top, however designs differ significantly according to places. The fuel being used by auto rickshaw can be determined by the color of the vehicle. In Delhi, we can find green autos suggesting that they run on Compressed Natural Gas. In Mumbai we can find black autos which suggest that they use diesel.
In metropolitan cities such as Mumbai, they are popularly known as ricks or autos and they are governed by metered charges. Lately, laws have been passed that prohibit auto rickshaw drivers not to charge more than the fare, demanding night fare ahead of midnight. The law also prohibits auto drivers who refuse from going to specific regulations. Mumbai and Kolkata are the only Indian cities which have imposed prohibitions on auto rickshaws to enter into specific areas in the city. South Mumbai in Mumbai and other places in downtown Kolkata are some places where autos are prohibited. But, in cities such as Chennai, it is regular for auto rickshaw drivers to demand more the meter fare and deny the use of the meter altogether.
In many cities like Chennai, Bengaluru, Mysore and Hubbali-Dharwad, one can find prepaid auto rickshaws from airports and railway stations. These services are found in auto booths in various locations, where passengers pay a fixed rate which is set by the government authorities.More...
At present, these suburban railway facilities are confined to cities of Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi and MMTS in Hyderabad. Mumbai’s suburban railway was the first to be established in India in the year 1867. Today, it transports more than 6.3 million commuters every day. It is known for the highest density of passengers in the world. Kolkata was the city in India to have introduced the rapid transit system called the Kolkata Suburban Railway. A distance of upto 38.6 km was covered during the initial service between Howrah and Hooghly.
A modern rapid transit in India was also first introduced in Kolkata, called the Kolkata Metro, which began its operations in the year 1984. The second city to have introduced the MRTS, the urban mass rapid transit system, was Chennai in the year 1997 with a difference from other MRTS systems in India. The capital city of New Delhi was the third city to have introduced its version of MRTS called the Delhi Metro in the year 2002. Bangalore was the fourth city to have introduced Namma Metro, Bengaluru MRTS in the year 2011. At present, many other cities are planning and/ or under construction of metro rail or rapid transit systems apart from the metropolitan cities in India.
Cities that have a metro system: