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Penna River has several tributaries and Kundu River is one of them and is located in Rayalaseema region in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Penna River is also known as Penner or Penneru. This river starts from the Uppalapadu village that is located in Orvakal Mandal of Kurnool and this river is just like a spring. This river goes to the penna river and at that time it suffers several changes before mixing into the penna at the Adinimmaya Palli village and this village is located in the Kadapa district. Kundu River is famous for regular floods in the area of Nandyal and Koilkuntla and due to these floods the people of this area suffer heavy damage. Due to this, is known as Sorrow of Nandyal. This river is also known as Kumudvathi in previous times. Renadu is the valley of Kundu that is the representative term of Renati Pourusham. The state of Andhra Pradesh with its myriads of tourist destination is well connected with roadways and railways enabling proper and convenient mode or means or communication. Buses, rental cars and private vehicles are mainly used to visit the town of Kurnool and there are respective means of transportation that can be availed to visit Kundu River and the valley. Accommodation is also very convenient and there are many other places to visit.
The Kundu River is a tributary of the Penna River in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, India. The Kundu River drains around 6,000 acres (24km2) in its valley, consisting of 41 villages. Originating as a spring near the village of Uppalapadu in Oryakal Mandal of Kurnool District, it undergoes a lot of changes before amalgamation with the Penna at Adinimmaya Palli village of Kadapa District and also covers 6 assembly constituencies in Kurnool and Kadapa districts.Â The valley of Kundu is known as ârenaduâ and is symbolic of the term ârenati pourushamâ.
The Penna or Penneru, a river of southern India rises on the hill of Nandi Hills in Chikballapur District of the state of Karnataka and runs north and east through the states of Andhra Pradesh to empty into the Bay of Bengal. The river is 597 km long with a drainage basin 55,213 square km large, which receives 500mm average rain fall per annum. The estuary of Penner River extends 7 km upstream from the Bay of Bengal. The river basin is a part of the rain shadow region of Eastern Ghats, is semi-arid with dry tropical monsoon climate.
Indiaâs fourth largest state by area and fifth largest by population, Andhra Pradesh has the longest coastline of 972 km among all the states of India. It shares its northern borders with Chattisgarh and Odisha, eastern borders with the Bay of Bengal, southern boundary with Tamil Nadu and western borders with Karnataka. The capital city of Hyderabad along with Vishakhapatnam was listed among the top 15 cities contributing to Indiaâs overall Gross Domestic Product.
Andhra Pradesh is promoted by its tourism department as âKoohinoorâ of India. It is also the abode of many religious pilgrimage centers. The beautifully and intricately designed temples, the golden beaches at Vishakhapatnam, the Borra and Belum caves, the Charminar, Golconda fort, Falaknuma Palace and breathtaking monuments and awe-inspiring venues attract millions of domestic and international tourists annually which contributes abysmally to the stateâs economic accretion.
For local people, the Kundu River is popularly known as the âSorrow of Nandyalâ and living upto the name it brings frequent floods and heavy damage to the Nandyal and Koilkuntla areas. There are many other brooks and streams, which include the Paaleru, Gaaleru, Sankalavaagu and Nippuvaagu that are the main sources of flood water. Nevertheless, the Kundu River is ferocious in the monsoon, particularly during cyclones. Â From July to December the river takes a very catastrophic avatar and havocs the nearby villages incurring heavy losses to properties and farmlands. The floods are frequent but unpredictable so the local population including the farmers is unable to take necessary precautions or adopt mitigation measures which increase the loss count.
In the year 2000 when the flood struck the villages around midnight, the whole civilization was inundated with flood water and around 10 people died. In 2009 flood the village of Nandyal was cut off from the main land for 5 days as the flooded Kundu encircled the entire town.Â Immediately after this incident the agonized and troubled villagers took to protesting to solve the problem demanding the construction of a protective wall along the passage of Kundu at the outskirts of Nandyal. Under the leadership of Kamini Venugopala Reddy, the Kundu Porata Samiti did demand the construction of check damsn and storage reservoirs along the river, both the demands were not able to receive government attention or aid. One of the peculiar obstacles was the presence of fluoridated or sulphate water (up to 10 km on each side) in the Kundu Valley that prevented the digging of a bore.
The Kundu River consumes 24 km square that is approx 6000 acres in its valley and this valley consist 41 villages. This river covers six assemblies and it is located in the district of Kurnool and Kadapa. The main sources of flood water are Gaaleru, Paaleru, Nippuvaagu and Sankalavaagu and these includes several streams and rivers. Those who convey strong and powerful flood that is Gaaleru and Paaleru and this flood water is starting from Nallamala Mountains.
How to get there
Kurnool is a district of Andhra Pradesh located in the west-central part on the southern banks of the Tungabhadra and Handri rivers. The town of Kurnool is the headquarters of the district with 23.16% urban population as on 2001. The district is well connected by highways and railways but people mostly use the highways due to the less frequency of trains. Local cars, buses and private transportation are available from Kurnool to Kundu valley. Visitors can avail buses, cars, auto or private vehicles from Secunderabad Railway Station, Boiguta to Kurnool. There are many other places to see and visit around Kundu valley, including Nallamala Forest, Belum Caves, Kethavaram, Adoni and Dhone.
Kundu River is also adjacent to Nandyal town, a major centre of trade, commerce, education and industries thus the town has proper means of transportation. Nadyal is surrounded on all sides by hills while the Kundu River flows to its west. The Nallamala hills to the east are covered in dense forest while the ones to the south has been deforested for granite mining purpose. The city is the major hub or junction for railways and roadways and the credit for such development goes to its geographical location. Private bus transport has everyday buses to and from Hyderabd. The nearest aiport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad some 270 km away. Within the town auto ricksaws and rented cars are the common means of communication. The town is the home to many well kept hotels for tourist convenience like Seshi Residency, Dwarka Hotel and Lodging, Chanakya Hotel etc to name a few. Originally called Nandalluru, the buzzinf town of Nandyal is surrounded by nine temple of Lord Shiva and has a serene waterfall with unknown origin.
The distance of the Road or we can say driving distance of Kundu River is 1709 km approx 1062 miles. Then calculate your travel time so the time is 1 day and 1 hour and this time is depend on the conditions of road and traffic.
You can think some stops at the time of your journey and they are-