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Google Map Of Punjab

  • Official Website: http://punjabgovt.nic.in/
  • Established: 1966-11-01
  • Capital: 1966-11-01
  • Largest city: Ludhiana
  • Districts: 22
  • Government Body: Governor - Nish G, Chief Minister - Parkash Singh Badal
  • Legislature: Unicameral (117 seats)
  • Parliamentary constituency: 13
  • High Court: Punjab and Haryana High Court
  • Area Total: 50,362 km2 (19,444.9 sq mi
  • Area rank: 19th
  • Population 2011: 27,704,236
  • Population Density: 550.1/km2 (1,424.8/sq mi)
  • Time zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
  • ISO 3166 code: IN-PB
  • Vehicle registration: NA
  • HDI: 0.679 (medium)
  • HDI rank: 9th (2005)
  • Literacy: 76.68%
  • Official languages: Punjabi
Seal of Bihar State
Seal of Punjab

Introduction to Punjab:

The name Punjab in various languages denotes the Land of Five Rivers that is in Sanskrit, Urdu, and Persian. Before partition of India and Pakistan the state had five rivers and due to that reason it became the granary of British Empire in India. After partition three rivers went to Pakistan's Panjab and rest two remained in India's Punjab. It stands in the midst of the states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana  and Rajasthan in India and towards south west of India is the Pakistani province of Punjab. The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh, that is managed independently as an Union Territory because it is shared with the state of Haryana as the capital.

The soil in Punjab is very fertile so is very good for agriculture and vegetation and an excellent irrigation canal system and many rivers falling in .The state sits at the foot of the Himalayas in its north eastern region

Punjab has extreme climatic conditions that are too cold or too hot like the annual temperature in Punjab range from -2 to 40 °C , can reach 47 °C (117 °F) in summer in the months of April to June and -4 °C in winter in the months of December to February. Other than these two in the months of July to September it is monsoon and a period of heavy rainfall.

History of Punjab

The history of Punjab has seen a lot of changes and influences on the cultural and ethnic values of the people in the region. This state has been in existence since the time of Mahabhaata in the name of Panchanada. It has been under the influence of Gandhara, Mahajanapadas, Nandas, Mauryas, Sungas, Kushans, Guptas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas and Hindu Shahis. Cultivation grew well due to which the trade in the areas of Jalandhar and Ludhiana expanded nicely.

As it is centrally located it was invaded by British and was their head quarter to rule India. Later in 1946 Punjab was partitioned and East Punjab was given away to Pakistan. The year 1950, saw the birth of two more states; the previous Raj province came to be known as today's state of Punjab, other ones were Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) which were formed by combining the erstwhile significant states.

Punjab is the “Granary of India” as it has the most fertile soil on earth and the irrigation system is the best in the country. Farming and cultivation is the major livelihood in the state and next to it are few more main ways of revenue from the making of scientific instruments, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, tourism, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilizers, bicycles, and the processing of pine oil and sugar.

Culture of Punjab

The culture in Punjab is very colourful and exciting. It has a long history of poetry, storytelling, dance, music and a mix of wide range of cuisine. All the aspects of the Punjabi culture are influenced by a lot of civilisations and we cannot say which one it depicts. The dance tradition includes Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. The dresses people wear are very flashy and colourful. Basic dress code is salwar suit for the women and the men wear dhothis and kurta. A Punjabi marriage customs and celebrations are a fine expression of Punjabi traditions. Wedding ceremonies are famous for their rich customs, food, music, dresses, and dances which have come up over for centuries. In these functions the variety of Punjabi cuisine can be seen which has the mixture of various traditions across the world that have invaded and influenced Punjab. The language spoken in Punjab is Punjabi whose script is written in Gurmukhi, it is one of the official languages in India and is also spoken in lot of places other than India like in parts of UK, Canada, and Pakistan. It is the 11th most popular language in the world.

They celebrate festivals with joy and fun like Lohri, Holi, Baisakhi, Teej etc. The main religion followed in the state is Sikhism other than Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam.

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Geographical Information for Punjab
State Name: Punjab
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Cooperative Banks: Cooperative Banks In Punjab
NABARD Banks: NABARD Banks In Punjab
Consumer Courts: Consumer Courts In Punjab
Hospitals: Hospitals In Punjab
Petrol Pumps: Petrol Pumps In Punjab
Air Conditioner Dealers: Air Conditioner Dealers In Punjab
Refrigerator Dealers: Refrigerator Dealers In Punjab
Washing Machine Dealers: Washing Machine Dealers In Punjab
RO Dealers: RO Dealers In Punjab
Bike Dealers: Bike Dealers In Punjab
Battery Dealers: Battery Dealers In Punjab
Tyre Dealers: Tyre Dealers In Punjab
Restaurants: Restaurants In Punjab
Share Broking Companies: Share Broking Companies In Punjab
Youth Hostels: Youth Hostels In Punjab
Nurseries: Nurseries In Punjab
Haj Committee: Haj Committee Of Punjab
Mobile Dealers: Mobile Dealers In Punjab
Mobile Service Centers: Mobile Service Centers In Punjab
Laptop & Computer Dealers: Laptop & Computer Dealers In Punjab
Laptop & Computer Service Centers: Laptop & Computer Service Centers In Punjab
DTH Dealers: DTH Dealers In Punjab
Telemarketing Companies: Telemarketing Companies In Punjab
Car Dealers: Car Dealers In Punjab
CBSE Schools: CBSE Schools In Punjab
Cable Operators: Cable Operators In Punjab
Beauty Parlours: Beauty Parlours In Punjab
TIN NSDL Facilitation Centres: TIN NSDL Facilitation Centres In Punjab
Travel Agents/Agencies: Travel Agents/Agencies In Punjab
NGO: NGO In Punjab
Western Union Money Transfer Agencies: Western Union Money Transfer Agencies In Punjab
Rail Ticket Booking Agencies: Rail Ticket Booking Agencies In Punjab
PAN Card Agents: PAN Card Agents In Punjab
Chartered Accountants: Chartered Accountants In Punjab
Insurance Companies: Insurance Companies In Punjab
Blood Banks: Blood Banks In Punjab
Car Service Centers: Car Service Centers In Punjab
Courier Companies: Courier Companies In Punjab
ICSE School: ICSE School In Punjab
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya: Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya In Punjab
Kendriya Vidyalaya School: Kendriya Vidyalaya School In Punjab
Speed Post Centers: Speed Post Centers In Punjab
Money Changers: Money Changers In Punjab
Cycle Dealers: Cycle Dealers In Punjab
ESIC- Dispensaries & Hospitals : ESIC- Dispensaries & Hospitals In Punjab
Mobile Connections Dealer: Mobile Connections Dealer In Punjab
Districts in Punjab, India
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Welcome to Punjab, A State of India

Punjab is a state in North West India, forming division of the bigger Punjab region. The state is cornered by Indian controlled Kashmir, the Indian regions of Himachal Pradesh covering northeast, Chandigarh to the east and Haryana to the south. The major cities of Punjab are Chandigarh, Patiala, Ludhiana, Mohali, Amritsar, Bhatinda, Jalandhar and Moga. Agriculture is the main economic activity of the state. The state is considered to be the largest supplier of wheat to the government of India. Scientific equipments, electronic goods, mechanism tools, financial services, textiles, sports products, starch, sewing machines, garments, cycles and fertilizers are also produced in the above mentioned cities of Punjab.

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