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State Haryana and Punjab
Division NA
District(s) 1
Old Name NA
Parliamentary constituency Chandigarh Parliamentary Constituency
Assembly constituency NA
Planning Agency NA
Civic agency NA
Ward NA
Population 1,054,686
Density 9,252 /km2 (23,963 /sq mi)
Sex ratio 777
Literacy 81.90%
Male 86.10%
Female 76.50%
Official languages Hindi, Punjabi and English
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area 114 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation 350 metres (1,150 ft) 
Code  
Pincode NA
Telephone +91-172-XXX XXXX
UN/LOCODE NA
Vehicle NA
ISO 3166-2 IN-CH
Website http://chandigarh.nic.in/

The Union Territory (UT) of Chandigarh differentiates itself in India as state capital of two of its states Punjab and Haryana. The modern city is a brainchild of the visionary first prime minister of India, Jawahar Lal Nehru so it truly becomes a city established in the free India.

Often denoted with "the Fort of Chandi" which its name suggests, Chandigarh city describes the aesthetic urban sense of the country through its beautification planned structuring. It is first planned city of India after independence so remains unique. Architectural designs of this city is quoted in the Indian and international urban planning initiatives.

History:

Hallucinating situation arrived for independent India in 1947 when its division proved a great loss for its historically important province of Punjab which lost its capital Lahore to Pakistan. A city of such caliber was required to replace as new capital of this state but none of the existing cities could compete there. None were found feasible to be chosen state capital. It was at that juncture that importance of well planned city was realized and the idea of establishing Chandigarh city was formed in new India.

Fast paced growth and shaping urban India to symbolize strength of a country had to depict from Chandigarh so it was planned with excellent outlook. The city could portray modern face of India. Role of French architect and urban planner, Le Corbusier is important whose creative initiatives in the 1950s resulted into designing this modern city.

Chandigarh once again came into the notice for an enhanced importance to serve as capital of one more state Haryana which was carved from Punjab on November 01, 1966. This new state was an attempt from India's state reorganization process. Eastern part of Punjab was carved out to form Haryana state. Central government made Chandigarh Union Territory to smoothen the way for both the states of Punjab and Haryana to operate their administrative and political activities by choosing this city as their respective capitals.

Culture:

Architecture and urban planning of Chandigarh keep this city into limelight, so are cultural diversity. This city has unique landscaped gardens and is also noticed for structured parks. The art galleries and Chandigarh Museum are some unforgettable places of this city.

Chandigarh city is located on Shivalik range foothills of the Himalayas. Its average elevation of 321 meters and humid subtropical climate seethes residents with a pleasant weather. The city also has hot summers and mild winters with needed rainfall. Above mentioned reasons often keep the temperature varied from-1°C to 41.2°C.

The 2001 census recorded Chandigarh population 900,635 (56% males and 44% females). This city had average literacy of 81.9% (males 86.1% and females 76.5%). Religious diversity is seen here through the presence of 78.6% Hindus out of total population and Sikhs comprising of 16.1%. There is sizeable number of Muslim population in Chandigarh at 3.9% of the total population. The census recorded 1.4% population belonging to other communities.

Rock Garden in Chandigarh is famous display garden having been created from waste materials. Equally admirable is Rose Garden here. Some other locations which often impress visitors in Chandigarh include:-

  • Garden of Annuals
  • Fragrance Garden
  • Hibiscus Garden
  • Chrysanthemum Garden
  • Botanical Garden
  • Shanti Kunj

The IT Park of Chandigarh highlights its initiatives in the field of information technology. Two national highways 22 and 21 link this city with other prominent locations such as Ambala, Kalka, Shimla, Kinnaur and Leh. The city is well connected with the railroad as well. Its airport serves as international airport linking Chandigarh city with world destinations.

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Geographical Information for Chandigarh
State Name: Chandigarh
Latitude:
Longitude:
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Passport Office: Passport Office of Chandigarh
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Districts in Chandigarh, India
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Welcome to Chandigarh, A State of India

Chandigarh is the Union Territory of India which is shared capital of two states Haryana and Punjab. Chandigarh is located near the Shivalik range and other popular cities around it are Patiala, Mohali, Roopnagar, Ambala and Panchkula. Reason for Chandigarh being capital of two cities is that it lies on the border of Haryana and Punjab. Chandigarh was named after Indian Goddess Chandi. Chandigarh is India’s first architecturally planned city and it is internationally recognized for its style and design. Chandigarh is one of the major hubs of government jobs as it is capital of two cities and itself a union territory. Chandigarh is also popular for its IT and Banking jobs.

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