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It is one of the remaining immaculate ecosystems of the eastern Himalayas with its groundbreaking bio-diversity, and is home to many rare and endangered plants, animals and birds. It displays a rich variety of habitat as the region is filled with catchments and watershed of the Neora River with its streams. The Neora valley national park is a dense forest situated on the tri- junction of Bhutan, Sikkim and West-Bengal, and its border extends from 30 m of height up to 3200 m. The importance of Neora Valley National Park in the international context lies in the fact that it provides shelter and protection to various species of wildlife included in the Red Data Book (R.D.B) of IUCN and the appendices of CITES.
Neora Valley National Park is located in the Kalimpong sub district that comes under the Darjeeling District, West Bengal, India. It was established in the year 1986. The Neora valley national park is widespread over an area of 88 km and it is one of the incredibly richest biological zones in whole Northeast. It serves as the land of graceful red panda in an immaculate natural habitat with rocky inaccessible hilly area and with rich diverse flora and fauna delivering an essential wilderness region.
The forest area in the Neora valley possesses a luxurious growth of trees that even the rays of sun find it tricky to touch the land. Most of the park is still unreachable thereby making it one of the audacious places for the nature lovers and also trekkers who can uptake the dare to discover the still unknown topography in the Kalimpong hills. The Virgin natural forests, together with the dense bamboo groves, multi-colored canopy of the Rhododendron trees, incredibly lush green gorge, winding rivers, as well as streams with completely snow capped mountains in elegant back drop deliver a striking landscape. The Neora river national park reaches up to the height of 10600 ft at popular Rachela Danda, the elevated peak of Neora Valley National Park that forms the border between the Sikkim and Bhutan. The valley also harbors numerous species of orchids.
The fauna population of the Neora valley consists of highly rare species such as thar, flying squirrel, sambar deer, barking deer, serow, goral, leopard cat, wild boar, golden cat, sloth bear, leopard, musk deer, red panda and clouded leopard etc.
Lava and the Neora Valley National Park are paradise for birds and India’s most sought-after birds are found here.
Along with this, the park has numerous reptiles and insects.
How to Reach
The nearest airport is Bagdogra which is situated 100 km away. It takes less than 3 hours to travel from here to the Neora valley. Bagdogra airport is the only airport in North Bengal and connects Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Guwahati and Chennai. From the airport one has to travel by road to Neora valley National Park via Kalimpong or via Samsing. North Bengal state transport corporation buses, private buses, prepaid taxis and jeeps are available outside the airport for dedicated trips to the park.
There are regular buses that run from Siliguri to Kalimpong (about 100 km) which is only 32 km at distance from the chief entry point Lava. The alternate route is from Siliguri to Chalsa (approximately 65 km) – Samsing (18 km). One can take the road to this park through Samsing.
The nearest railway station is in Darjeeling (80 km) (narrow gauge) and also in New Jalpaiguri (95 km) (broad gauge). Buses, taxis, and tourist jeeps ply on both the routes regularly on all week days.