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Jama Masjid Aurangabad
The Jama Masjid in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India, was built in 1612 AD, soon after foundation of Aurangabad, which was back then known as Khadki. This is the most renowned Muslim community religious shrine in Aurangabad and is home to many Indian and foreign tourists. The construction was built and designed by Malik Amber. It can be found near Killa Arrak in Aurangabad. In 1692 AD this mosque was extended in the Hands of Aurangzeb. Although being one of the oldest monuments in Aurangabad it is still preserved in a good condition. This monument is a popular tourist site in Aurangabad with thousands of tourists arriving to discover its beauty. The whole building is designed in an artistic method and is adorned through a gold banding and eye catching minarets. The band is carved with Koranic inscriptions, making the exteriors of the building some of the most appealing highlights. Breathtaking details can be explored while wandering in and around Jama Masjid.
The mosque is supported by 50 polygon shaped pillars. These pillars are interconnected through arc system and are arranged row wise in five rows. Through these pillars the building is divided into 27 compartments of equal sizes. All compartments are covered by a small and elegant domical vault which resembles simplicity and is creatively designed. Malik Amber erected 5 pointed arcs in front side out of total nine. During early days Jamma Masjid had a roomy court in front of it which had open structures for visitors on three sides. The court was equipped with a water tank in the middle, water being supplied through the Malik Ambar Canal. Visitors can find the building to be structured with bandings of gold and detailed minarets. Low buildings in Jama Masjid are embroidered and embraced by glossy minarets and groves. The mosque is surrounded by dense forest. Among various forts in Aurangabad, Jama Masjid and Amkhar (Public Hall) are the buildings that can still be seen in good condition.
Malik Amber Founded the City of Kharaki (Aurangabad) and built Jama Masjid in 1612 AD. After he died, his son took over the empire and changed the city’s name to “Fatehnagar”. After the Mughals captured Daulatabad in 1633 AD, dominions of Nizam Shahi, including Fatehnagar, came under mughal control. During this period Prince Aurangzeb was appointed as the Deccan viceroy for second time. Under his control Fatehnagar was made the capital and he changed the name of Fatehnagar to “Aurangabad” and constructed Killa Arrak Fort near Jamma Masjid. Upon this, the fort walls ranging from Delhi gate to Mecca Gate surrounded the Mosque. Valuing the architectural importance of Jamma Masjid, Aurangzeb constructed four arches in the frontal area for extending the mosque.
Reaching Jama Masjid
Aurangabad is connected with major cities like Bombay (392 kms), Ajanta (106 kms), Ellora (30 kms), Nasik (221 kms), Shirdi (136 Kms), Nanded (272 kms), Pune (229 kms) and other major cities in Maharashtra.
The railway station of Aurangabad is of south-central railway at Manmad – Secunderabad section. Rail network is linked with Manmad, Bombay, Kalyan, Nasik Road, and other major cities via Manmad.
The main domestic airport of the city is Aurangabad Airport also known as Chikalthana airport. The airport is located towards the east, 10 kms away from the city. Flights to Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur and Udaipur are available.