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Humanyun Mosque Agra
Humanyun mosque is situated in a village called kachhpura in Agra. This mosque is not mentioned in the texts of the mughal period, it is one of the earliest monuments of mughal period which is the early construction of mughal architecture.
According to Persian inscriptions, this Humanyun mosque is constructed in 1530 when Humanyun ascended the throne. This Humanyun mosque is not mentioned in any of the texts where mosques of the mughal period are mentioned. But this mosque is expected to be built in the earlier days of mughal period as the architecture seen here are from the earlier days. Another important thing in this mosque is mughal emperor Babur was buried in this mosque.
Agra has found its significance in the history; this town also has found its mention in famous epic of Hindus Mahabharata, as a forest which is close to Mathura. Badal Singh is the person who founded this city in 1475; later Babur defeated Lodi’s and captured the banks of Yamuna, thus a long association in Agra for the mughals has started. The mughals and their love towards architecture have made them build beautiful monuments here in Agra like Taj Mahal, Agra fort, Fatehpur sikhri etc. There are many monuments in Agra which are famous for their architecture and beauty; these monuments are famous in national wide. The glory of Agra is at its peaks during the reign of mughal emperor Akbar, Jahangir etc, its glory is unchanged from that time to this as it has wonderful monuments to cherish. Akbar made this city as center of art and culture, and later Shah Jahan saw it full bloom. There are many buildings in Agra and most of them belong in mid of 16th and 17th century which are of high quality. All the monuments that are built here are built with mughal style, where the structure and architecture of the mughals can be clearly seen. The mughal emperors who made these monuments made these have taken necessary precautions for these monuments to look beautifully and all the mughal architecture is seen in these. The skilled craftsman and the mughal cuisine can be seen in the narrow lanes of the city.
This mosque has its own significance and is famous for its architecture it has. The mosque is a famous panchamuki, which is a five arched structure with domes on the center of the top. The dome is supported by kite shaped pendtaives, the brick and the mortar building is plastered originally and the originality can be seen in the architecture.
Five centuries ago Agra was a commercial nerve capital and center for all the mughal emperors who ruled the city. Due to the presence of many important and wonderful monuments the tourism is the highest revenue generated in the city. Tourism has become main part in the city and there are tourists coming in daily to this city of monuments. 40% of the population largely depends on the agriculture and leather and other footwear business that are found in the city. Agra also has many industries in it, the important industries in include plastic and rubber industries.
Agra experiences a semiarid climate in the city, the city features mild winters, hot and dry summers and also a monsoon season. The monsoon here is not heavy as in other parts in the country.
How to Reach There
Agra airport is 12.5 kms away from the city, there are no scheduled commercial flights to the city. There are only commercial flights to Varanasi and Khajuraho which has started in 2012.
There are many buses to the city from major cities in India; one can also take a taxi to this place. The transport by road is good to Agra
Trains to this city are many from all the major cities in India; there will be many trains if one reaches Delhi. From that place it is easy to visit Agra by Rail.