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Himachal Pradesh Simbalbara
Simbalbara wildlife sanctuary is one of the most attractive tourism sports held in Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh. This sanctuary is not spread in a large area but the density and greenery inside and outside the sanctuary is able enough to invite a visitor to come here time and again. The sanctuary is situated in Paonta Valley. This sanctuary has a better biodiversity manner as the entire ecological system of the area is well connected with a food chain and parasitic environment maintains the balance in biodiversity.
Simbalbara wildlife sanctuary has a different flavor of wild species as four legged animals habited in other sanctuaries are slightly differ from the animals of here. Food chain is not exactly parasitic in this sanctuary as every quadruped is not directly dependent on other. These animals also cater the pre hunted food like Hyenas and Wolfs etc.
Himalayan Bear, Brown Bear, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Barking Deer and Monkeys (of various species) are naturally habited in this sanctuary. This is the calmest and peaceful sanctuary as human interference in this sanctuary is very low. This is the most undisturbed sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh. In 1982, in this sanctuary one elephant was also seen but due to efforts of forest department, elephant caught and sent to Kaziranga National Park as the atmosphere of this area was not suitable for that specie. Some bird species like Hornbill, Billed Pageant, Myna, Parrots are also habited in this sanctuary. Some migratory birds are also seen in the summers from Siberia and Mongolia but frequency of these birds is no usual.
Flora and Fauna
Sal trees are the most important factor of floral property of this sanctuary. Inside the sanctuary there are two waterfalls and one of them is almost dry and naturally converted into the habitat of some wild quadruped. Lush greenery is obvious as the hilly terrain is generally falls under wet climatic conditions. Sky high Deodar and Fir trees create an impression on visitor as well as on the ecological balance of the area.
Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Brown Bear and Musk Deer are the most important factors of the faunal property of this sanctuary. Goral, Sambhar and Barking Deer are found in the lower hilly areas because of easily available running lands. The fauna of the area also depend upon the active participation of birds (including migratory birds). Different reptiles are habited in this sanctuary as Black Cobra, Hilly Lizard (poisonous), Python (rarely found), monitor lizard and scorpions are also the part of faunal bag of this sanctuary.
How to Reach
Simbalbara wildlife sanctuary can be accessed by all the means of transportation.
Though, Digarh which is located at 87 KM from Nahan is the nearest airport but however, Chandigarh and Dehradun are considered as nearest airport as direct road transportation area available to Sirmour from these station.
Ambala is the nearest railways station and located at 63 kilometers far from Nahan. From railways station, various road services are available to reach this sanctuary.
Good connectivity by various roads is with Nahan from where various other cities and districts are also linked and a network of roads is formed.
Attractions: Except this sanctuary, there are some other places of tourist interest are also located in the nearby areas. Some of these areas are as under:-
Shivalik Fossils Park
This park has vital attraction and located at 23 kilometers distance from here. In this park the fossils of pre-historic animals have been preserved. This park is unique in entire Asia.
Is another attractive place located at 13 kilometers from this sanctuary.
Renuka Ji Temple
This is most important tourist and religious place in Sirmour. Near this temple Renuka Lake is also located, another attraction for the visitors.
Mata Bala Ji Ka Mandir
This temple is also of local importance and a festival is organized here in the month of September every year. Various fairs like, Byas Fair, Renuka Fair, Nag Nahona Fair, Salona Festivals etc are celebrated in Sirmour.
Accommodation available in Sirmour
In Nahan, there are various budget hotels and lodges are available for staying. Paying guest rooms are also available in Sirmour with all basic amenities.