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Himachal Pradesh Kais
Kais wildlife sanctuary is one of the most important sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh. This sanctuary was established according to the provisions made in Punjab Wild Birds and Animal Protection Act of 1933. Kullu area is hilly and various species are naturally habited there. A large population of wild species is habited in this area since long and seeing this, the area was properly notified as wildlife sanctuary during 1954. This sanctuary is accessible from any part of the country. Kullu being the famous tourist place and any visitor come here also wants to visit this sanctuary. Proper and sufficient arrangements have been provisioned in this sanctuary for easement of visitors coming across the country. This sanctuary is spread in Parvati Valley of Kullu district.
Kais wildlife sanctuary is located at 16 kilometers distance from Kullu city. This sanctuary did not exist before 1954 because at that time no vast awareness was considered important about wild species and to preserve them. Owing to this attitude various endangered species disappeared from the earth. Later when the exploitation of land areas, forest area was aggressively started for enhancement of agricultural area and residential areas, the wild species got disturbed badly and started wandering here and there in search of a safer habitat. In the Kullu area, various events of animal attacks were happened. Seeing this, government has decided to restrict the entrance of human being in this area and notified this region as a wildlife sanctuary.
In this sanctuary wildlife is found in healthy and populous state. Special attraction of this area is Himalayan Black Bear and Brown Bear. Himalayan Black Bear was endangered till 70s but due to concerted efforts made by government, population of this species is sufficient and presently Himalayan Bear is not labeled as Endangered Species. Hilly area is favorite area of Bears of every type. Except Bear, Monal, Leopards, Musk Deer, Barking Deer, Hyena (in little population), snow leopard, Himalayan Thar are also habited in this sanctuary since long.
Except wild species, various birds are also naturally habited in this sanctuary like, Peacock, Pheasant, Western Tragopan, Cheer, Mynas, Hornbill etc.
Flora and Fauna
A wide range of trees are erected in this valley. Tall and sky high Deodar, Cheed, Fir and Popular trees are found in dense numbers in this sanctuary. Lush greenery and dense forestry provides a scenic and beautiful look to the sanctuary on the other hand, also supports wild species in making the natural habitat as Bear and Musk Deer like to reside in tall grasses and bunch of trees. Grassy meadows are source of routine food to the animals as well as promoters of tourism too.
In this sanctuary bio diversity is well maintained as various faunal remains re-generate vegetation. Tall line of Deodar tress is another property of this area. Climatic conditions of this sanctuary are better and convenient to the species habited inside. Annual temperature of this area ranges between 50C to 300C. Altitudinal height also provides better conical vegetation support to the species.
How to Reach
To access this wildlife sanctuary all the modern ways of transportation can be used.
To reach this area by air, nearest airport is Kullu and Shimla. Jagson airlines operate its routine flights from Delhi to this area. These flights are generally stopped in monsoon season owing to weather condition and low visibility in the area. It takes a 90 minute flight from Delhi to reach Kullu. A small aircraft (18 seater Dornier) is available on this route. From airport, this sanctuary is located at 10 kilometers distance. From Shimla airport, Kullu is located at 270 kilometers and road conveyances are available.
Jogindernagar railway station is nearest to Kullu and located at 125 kilometers distance. Pathankot and Shimla are also nearest railway head but Chandigarh is the best as regular bus services from here to Kullu area available at time.
Kullu district is linked with various major cities of the country through roads. Delhi is at 522 kilometers from this sanctuary. From other nearby cities like Ambala, Patiala, Chandigarh, Ropar and Bilaspur etc, frequent road conveyances like state transport buses and tourist cabs are available.