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Chandigarh Barnawapra Wildlife Sanctuary
Under the wildlife act of 1972, Baranwapara wildlife sanctuary was established in 1976 in the Mahasamund district of Chhattisgarh state of India. This sanctuary is spread in a small region of 245 sqkm. The entire area of this sanctuary is uneven and hilly. The terrain of this sanctuary suits the animals habited inside. The average elevation of the hillocks of this sanctuary is not more than 400 mts. This sanctuary is famous for its unique and dense greenery. This sanctuary is the best spot for nature lovers and adventure lovers. A small trekking is also available but the way is too risky as its passes through the area of Sloth Bears and Wild Boars. This sanctuary is one of the 109 attractions of the Chhattisgarh state. Mahanadi flows through the area and creates some beautiful and scenic views.
Baranwapara wildlife sanctuary was established in 1976. Mahasamund area of the state was hilly and the atmosphere was suiting for the animals habited there. But unorganized way of the preservation of the endangered species was not sufficient. To preserve the decreasing population of Tigers and other wild animals, official interference was necessary. To make the efforts in proper way, this area was declared as wild life sanctuary in 1976. Since then the proper preservation activities and indulgence of Forest department of the state was started in the area. According to the statistics, the population of tigers in the sanctuary has been reached upto eight. When the sanctuary was established only one tiger was habited here. Area of Mahasamund district is also supports the natural living of human as well as animals too.
Weather and Best Time to Visit
Weather of this area is semi tropical and monsoon season restrict the life in this sanctuary but still November to June is the best time to visit this place. A little and chilled winter is observed here during the month of Jan and Feb each year.
How to Reach
This area is well connected with all the means of transportation.
To access this wildlife sanctuary, by air reaching is also possible as Raipur is the nearest airport which is located at 85 kilometers from this place. From airport, routine road transportation is available.
Mahasamund railways station is the nearest and located at 60 kilometers on Raipur Vishakhapattanam line.
Road conveyance is better to reach this sanctuary as National Highway No 6 connects this place to other areas of the state as well as country. An approach road has been maintained by PWD of the state till the entrance of this sanctuary for ease of tourists.
Flora and Fauna
In this sanctuary, floral properties are in rich condition. Teak of this area is world famous. Tall and dense forestry involving Bamboo, Terminalia and other trees is another specialty of this sanctuary. Tendu Patta, which is one of the most preferred means of livelihood, is found here in majority. Except this, the area is well covered with Mahua, Ber and Semal trees. Tigers, sloth bears, Jackals, four horned Antelopes, Hyena, Wild dogs, Chital, Leopards, Nilgai, Sambar Wild Boar and Monkeys are found in this sanctuary with a dense population. On the onset and starting period of this sanctuary, one tiger was brought to this place from Kinnerasani wild life sanctuary of Andhra Pradesh and since then preservation activities multiple the population of tigers and at present 8 tigers are wandering in this sanctuary. Accept the above mentioned animals, dangerous reptiles are also found there including Black King Cobra , Indian traditional Python, Great India Python, Monitor Lizard and Russel’s wiper snakes. A typical specie of flying lizard is also found in the deeper portion of this sanctuary which can jump upto 9 mtrs at a hop. The tongue of this lizard having poison and enough to hunt while jumping. Various birds like Peafowl, Parrots, Bulbul, Australian King Parrot(Migratory bird), Drongos and wood peckers are also found in this sanctuary. At present, more than 50 leopards, 550 Gours, 08 Tigers (including Cubs), 4,280 Chitals, 285 Wild Boars, 132 Sloth bears are habited in this sanctuary.