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Bihar Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary
The Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the state of Jharkhand and was once a part of state of Bihar, in central-north India. It is an important biodiversity region in the Jharkhand state, with a variety in flora as well as fauna.
The boundaries of the sanctuary are described naturally by the Chako Nala, Lilajan and Amanat Rivers in the West, Northwest and South sides respectively. The forest cover is of dry and moist to damp deciduous mixed with tropical shrubs and bamboo. The region is densely forested, as it is a catchment for three rivers and several streams.
The Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary was registered in the Bihar Government Gazette in 1978, which was once a private Game reserve in the Kunda Estate of the Tikait, which was annexed by the Sate as per the legislation of 1952. Recent proposals aim to improve the Sanctuary management and improve the protection of the animal reserves of the region.
Weather and Best Time to Visit
The climate is dry to moist, subtropical in the Lawalong region. The summers are hot and usually dry. Monsoons bring heavy rains and the climate is hot and humid with occasional flooding of several rivers around the Sanctuary. The best time to visit Lawalong is from November to March that exhibit winter and spring, with low and pleasant temperatures.
How to Reach
The closest airport is at Ranchi (145km), capital of Jharkhand, and also in Gaya (100km), which is in Bihar. From here, one can either travel to Hazaribagh or more popularly to Tori town to gain aces to the sanctuary.
The Chandwa Railway Station near Tori is nearest to the Lawalong Sanctuary and is connected to the rest of India via surrounding cities and states.
The Ranchi-Gaya highway grazes the eastern boundary of Lawalong Sanctuary and to the south the service roads from Hazaribagh, Dowlatganj connect the region to Tori and other important cities in Jharkhand and Bihar.
The riverine forest and wetlands due to the numerous rivers and streams in and around Lawalong create a wonderful habitat for birds. The common species belong to the following families, Vulture, Partridge, Hornbill, Quail and Peafowl is found commonly.
There are several species of frogs in the Sanctuary with other reptiles like the Rock Lizard. Snakes of the Cobra, Viper, Python and Krait species are also found here.
The Leopard and Sambar are the main reserved species among the mammals. Other large animals include Elephant, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, Sloth Bear and Jungle Cat.
The visitors are provided by the Forest Department with high observational posts, in several areas of the Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary. There are also drivesand short treks between these posts.
Where to Stay
There are rest houses in the Sanctuary and also PWD accommodations in Tori and Hazaribagh, that need to be booked in advance. There are also private hotels and lodgings in the surrounding towns.
- The Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary comes under the Chatra Forest Range Office and visitors require prior permission from the Divisional Forest Office at Hazaribagh for visiting the Sanctuary.