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Assam Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary
Garampani wildlife sanctuary is in the northern portion of Karbi Anglong district of Assam. This sanctuary is famous for hot water springs according to its designation. “Garampani” carries the meaning of “Hot water”. In this area various springs of hot water exist which are not only the source of warmth to the species habited inside but also the source of generation of Sulpher which provides natural medication to the wild animals during drinking. This sanctuary is located at 25 kilometers from Golaghat. Geographical coordinates of this sanctuary are between 26°25′12″N 93°43′30″E.
Garampani wildlife sanctuary is limited in a smaller area but the dense population of various animals habited inside points towards the unity and integrity for human being too. This is one of the oldest sanctuaries established in the Assam state of India. In 1950, the area of Karbi Anglong was very much disturbed as the wild animals, especially Elephants and Tigers were making frequent attacks on the human residing in surrounding areas. Reason of this disturbance was the increasing interference in wildlife. Cutting of trees for colonization and agricultural purposes was the main reason for shortening of living area of the animals. To avoid this problem, govt. of Assam has declared the area as wildlife sanctuary and started various preservative activities. In 1994, Project Tiger was also started here as Tiger is one of the most endangered species in the country. This sanctuary was officially established in 1952.
In this sanctuary wide range of wild species like Tiger, Panther, Himalayan Black Bear, Barking Deer, Elephants, Pigmy Dogs, Hispid Hares, Wild Cats, Indian Fox, Lungoors, Pig Tailed Macawue, Rhesus Macaque, Chinese Pangolin, Mongoose are habited. Besides it various reptiles are also found in this sanctuary. It is amazing that in such a small area, how the large numbers of wild species are habited. Besides the wild species, various birds including migratory birds are also found in the water backs of this sanctuary. In the reptiles, Black Indian Cobra, Python, Monitor Lizard, Karrait, Russell’s Wiper and Scorpions are also found in this sanctuary in large numbers. Largest snake in this sanctuary was found in June 1997 which was 15ft long. Various birds species of this sanctuary like Kaleej Pheasant, different species of Hornbill, Red Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Green Imperial Pigeon, Jungle Myna, Hill Myna, Blackhooded Oriole, Racket tailed Drongo, Myna, Parakeet, Dove, Kingfisher, Woodpecker, Barbet, Owl, Drongo, Bulbul, Minivet, Eagle, Brown Fish Owl are generally found in this area because of warmth of the hot streams. According to a research, birds like Luke warm water for normal bathing and dipping. Reason being, in this area, migratory birds trip frequently.
How to Reach
Three ways to access this wildlife sanctuary are available.
Jorhat is the nearest airport to reach this place. Regular flights from Kolkata, Delhi and other cities are operated to this airport. This is located at 85 kilometers distance from sanctuary.
Furcating is nearest railway junction to reach at this place through rail. Though, frequent rail connection is not available. This railway station is located at 20 kilometers from this sanctuary.
Golaghat is located at 25 kilometers from the site and frequent road transportation is available to reach at Garampani wildlife sanctuary.
Around the Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary, various attractive places are located. There are plenty of options for tourists to visit and spend their time.
Kaziranga National Park
This Park is just located at 65 kilometers distance from this sanctuary.
Namboor Wildlife Sanctuary: This is the closest visiting place from Garampani wildlife sanctuary and located at 10 kilometers distance.
This is the native town of Garampani wildlife sanctuary. This town is at 25 kilometers distance from sanctuary and frequent means of transportation are available at time.
There are various budget hotels to stay. Some of them are as under:
Aranya Lodge - Contact: 03776-262429,
Bonani Banshree Lodge – Contact – 03776 – 262423
Both of the lodges are being operated by Assam Tourism department. Divisional Officer of Forest of the Karbi district can be contacted on 03671-272237(O) and 273303 ® for visiting the sanctuary. Best timer to visit this sanctuary is November to April.