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Assam Dipor Bil Wildlife Sanctuary
Dipor Bill Lake is one of the most important freshwater Lakes in east India. This lake is located in the Kamrup district of Assam. Kamrup is just located at south west direction of the state capital Guwahati. Bil carries the meaning of “lake” in Asamees language and due to deformed pronunciation the lake is also called Deepor Bil. This lake has biological importance being the natural water management caretaker. This lake is listed in November 2002 as wetland. This lake is one of the huge lakes in the Valley of Brahmaputra River. Monsoon season is impounding season and water level of the lake does not exceed due to the surrounding. Geographical coordinates of this lake are between 26.13°N 91.66°E.
This Lake was existing in the area since long and water management was unorganised since official interference. In the nearby districts Kamrup and Guwahati, drinking water was an issue. It was planned to provide drinking water from this freshwater lake and accordingly the arrangements were done by the state government and finally in 2002 this lake was dedicated to the nation. It is believed that at Mughal period in India, this place was also used as dockyard. It is also believed and evident from the history that supreme commander in Meghalaya Rambrai Syiemship was the controller of this lake during his reign in Meghalaya.
This is a fresh water lake and spread over a surface area of 4,014 SQKM. Generally this lake is of shallow nature and has an average depth of 1 mtr but also has the maximum depth of 4 mtrs in some spots. This lake is situated at an average altitudinal height of 563mts from MSL (Mean Sea Level). This lake is officially called as Deepor Beel and comes under Ramsar Wetland. 12 villages are in the dependency of this lake as the natural resources of the lake are the means of livelihood for the villages in any manner. This lake is also maintaining ecological balance of the area as natural surroundings are established in such a manner that biodiversity of the area is not disturbed. Water of the Beel is spread over an area of 10.1 SQKM and during the flood it extends upto 40.1 sqkm. Area surround the lake has been declared as sanctuary and measures upto 414 ha. According to a study conducted in Assam the irrigated area has been found decreased upto 14% .
According to Sanskrit language the word Dipa carries the meaning of Elephand and Beel carries the meaning of wetland in Asamees language. In nutshell this is the place of bathing of elephant.
How to Reach
This Lake is accessible by three ways of transportation in vogue.
Guwahati Airport is the nearest airport to reach this area by air. According to location, the lake is just 5 kilometers away from Airport.
Guwahati is the nearest railway station but the train crosses from outskirts of the lake. BG rail route is well connected to the other parts of the country.
This Lake is just located from 31 kilometers from Guwahati and falls on NH-31. Thus it is very easy to access this lake by road. Frequent transport from railways station, Airport and Bust terminus are available at affordable rates. In the north of the lake, Engineering College is located and various link roads are available in very close vicinity to the lake and being used as approach roads.
Flora and Fauna
Around the sanctuary various types of trees are grown in dense population. Lush greenery provides a picturesque look to the area and the population of various trees includes Ipomoea reptans, Pistia stratiotes, Ottelia Lemna minor, Potamogeton crispus, Vallisneria spiralis, Hydrilla verticillata, Eichhornia crassipes, Spirodela polyrhiza, Eleocharis plantaginea, Nymphaea alba, Nymphaea rubra Sagittaria sagittifolia, alismoides, and Azolla pinnata.
In this lake more than 215 bird species are naturally habited and in this strength migratory birds are also included. Great Spot Billed Pelican and Hornbills are some of the main birds of this lake. Lesser Adjutant Stork and Palla’s sea Eagle are also found here.