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Arunachal Pradesh Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakhui wildlife sanctuary is an amazing spot in Arunachal Pradesh state of India. This site is located in East Kameng district. The natural surroundings of the area are full of lush greenery and dense forestry. This sanctuary is spread over an area of 862 SQKM. According to the area, this sanctuary is enough wide. Geographical coordinates of this sanctuary is between 92°36’ – 93°09'E and 26°54 – 27°16'N and this is located in the base of Eastern Himalaya Ranges. In the south east direction this sanctuary has a joining with the dense forests of Nameri national Park and in the eastern side a boundary is made by Pakke River of Assam. In the west the boundary of this sanctuary meets Bhareli River. The surroundings make the sanctuary an ideal place for naturally habiting of the various wild species inside.
The area was earmarked for declaring wildlife sanctuary in 1977. Since then the protections and preservation activities of wild species has been started. The population of various wild species including Tigers was seen in good numbers in this area and to avoid the endangered stamp over Tigers, it was decided to protect them and provide with a natural habitat by minimizing the human interference. Hunting of Tigers was strictly banned in the area since 1977. A tough vigil and strict ruling has been established in the area to protect tigers and other wild species. During 1999, a proposal was passed to include this sanctuary in Project Tiger and accordingly in 2002, the project was started in this area. During 1977, this area was declared as Game wildlife sanctuary, but later with the introduction of Project Tiger, finally it was declared a Wildlife sanctuary. Project tiger in this sanctuary is not restricted as the elevation of the habitat of the tigers is ranging between 100 mtrs to 2000 mtrs above MSL. The residing area goes upto the Valley of Brahmaputra River.
Flora and Fauna
Generally the climate of this area is subtropical nature. November to march is chilled winter timing here. The temperature of entire area varies between 12° to 36 °C. Heavy rainfall is received in this area from South West Monsoon and goes upto 2500mm. November to April is the period of rainfall and in this period, trekking activities are stopped as all the area inside the sanctuary goes muddy. Green trees including Bamboo trees and sky high Devdar trees make a dense den like atmosphere in this area. Borpat, Ailanthus Grandils and Jutuli trees are some of the indigenous types of trees in the forest of this sanctuary. Except the above mentioned, various medicinal plants are also found in the surrounding area and for that, a research foundation is also working in this sector since 1987. Entire area is dominated by Alata, Paroli Stereospermum chelonioides trees. These trees are also come in food chain of various vegetarian species.
More than 40 varieties of various species are habited in this sanctuary. Elephants, Tigers, Snow Leopards, Hyenas, Barking Deers, Sloth Bears (in rare population), Gaur and Sambar are the species which normally seen wandering inside. Except the above mammals, various reptiles are also found in this area. On the northern area of the sanctuary, Crocodiles are found in large numbers as the water streams create muddy area which is most suitable for Crocks. Great Indian Cobra, Hilly Lizards (poisonous), Python (rarely seen) and black large Scorpions are habited in this area. Western side of this sanctuary is the natural and favorite habitat of Tigers and panthers. Since Project Tiger started worked in this area, the population has been increased and till date more than 47 tigers are found in this sanctuary. This population is next to Ranthambhour of Rajasthan state.