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West Bengal Board Of Secondary Education
For the 10th level standard examination, the authority of autonomous administration is handled by the State government of Bengal that is named as the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, India. This 10th standard examination is also known as the examination at secondary level or Madhyamik Pariksha. This Madhyamik Pariksha has affiliation with the West Bengal Board or also affiliation with the board situated outside of the state and examination is conducted all over the state. The ratio of the examinees is about 10, 50,000 from all over the India every year.
The main headquarter is located at the Park street in the state of Kolkata, India.
Under the State Legislature Act, establishment of this secondary Board Education done in year 1951and also it is commonly known as the Act of 1950 for secondary education of West Bengal. On 3rd May 1951, Dr. K.N. Katju, the Governor of the state West Bengal inaugurated this Board of Examination. Sri Apurba Kumar Chanda, the Chairman has started the function of this board.
Just before the board got dual, the basic task involves:
- To develop, control, and regulate the state education at the secondary level.
- To carry out the final examination of the school.
In the past time, the charge was taken over by the University of Calcutta. Later on in year 1964, under the act of 1963, the name was changed to Secondary Education for West Bengal board. The State government outdated this Board during the time of long history. From the year 1954 to the 1963, the first occasion arose for secondary education of Bengal Ordinance and later on in year 1978 to 1980, the second occasion get arose . After J.C. Sengupta became the Chairman of this board, the Board came into its new existence as autonomous body in January 1964.
The multiple of the Board’s operational filed has increased in many years. The high schools of about 1270 were taken charged by the University of Calcutta in the year 1951 and the journey started from there and the percentage increased to 2312 in the year 1963 and raised about 8000 in the year 1975 that also includes some schools just out of reach of the state jurisdiction. About 10238 schools were handed by the Board at the present time.
There is increased in the number of examinees for examination at secondary level education as the number of schools increased with recognition. In the starting of year 1952, about 42000 of examinees were handled by the board and later on in year 1976 this ratio increased to five lakhs and about 8 lakhs in the year 2006.
Books from the various publishers and authors were taken approved by the Board and also they take the charge over the publications of all the text books for various different standards in various languages like Nepali, Urdu, and Santhali according to the demands depends on special languages. The experts approved the quality of the matter of the text books in order to maintain the books standard.
The expert panel later on again reconstruct the syllabi depend upon the increased demand and approved new syllabus and new subjects according to the modern time. There were various subjects that are considered to be additional like computer application, hardware management, and information technology etc.There is orientation of the teacher according to the different subjects and syllabi to make changing technique. The process of empowerment is a continuous process for specific subject. In the environmental studies and the education based on life style, there will be latest issues that are addressed. Since 1989, the education is governed by computerization as board also modernized with the computer system.From the year 2006, the records were totally archived by the Board with the modern art look.
Depend upon the democratic technique, board is run its administration. Board has eight subjects. In addition to the President, there were total 65 members in the board. From the non-teaching staff, about 36 members were elected from the 65 members and rest of the members were ex-officio. In the Act, the members of the different constituencies were spelled out clearly that are nominated. The members of ex-officio included the President of Higher Education at secondary level, director of the education of school, Primary Education Board of the West Bengal, and Board of Madrasah Education of West Bengal.
Functions and Activities
Board has defined all its function based on the Act V of West Bengal, 1963. There are few salient features:
- To develop the level of secondary education and its promotion in the West Bengal State.
- For the advancement based on scientific matter for secondary education, this Board act as the organ of advice for the government.
- For the education of the girls at primary and secondary level, this board takes step to get the lots of schools recognized for girls and also girl students came from the nearby areas.
- Due to change in the economy of the country and also the world, the curricula and the syllabi were framed depend upon the changes.
- To maintain and conduct the Madhyamik Pariksha after class X completion, which is also basically served as the first examination of the student in front of the public.
- For the better management and disciple of the school, this board framed the management that the board recognized. Due to its good position, the primary education of the West Bengal is also linkup with this board through activities and so on the higher secondary education in the year 1974.
Until the year 2010, the combination of 9th and 10th standard syllabus is covered in the examination of the 10th standard. To make the students relieved from the stress due to heavy syllabus, the sybllabus was divided and in 2011 onward, the examination at the Madhyamik level contains the chapter of the 10th standard.
There were different options including 3 subjects that are additional, compulsory subjects 3, and also 2 papers of the language.They are just given below:
- 1st Language: Bengali/English/Gujarati/Hindi/Modern Tibetan/Nepali/Oriya/Gurmukhi (Punjabi)/Tamil/Telugu/Urdu/Santali
- 2nd Language: English(Bengali or Nepali if English is 1st Language)
- Compulsory Subjects
- Life Science
- Physical Science
- Additional Subject I
- Additional Subjects II
- Computer Application
- Additional Maths
- Book Keeping and more
The language Bengali, Hindi, and English were the mediums for instruction.
There is 10 marks for the viva voce and for theoretical, 90 marks and total paper consist of about 100 marks. The final examinations were held in the months of February to March and result announced in the month of May end.
West Bengal Board of Secondary Education
77/2, Park Street, Kolkata-70016
Phone: 033-2226-8594/8595, 033-2229-8596/97/98, 033-22299660