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The root of the music is derived from the nature lap in Uttarakhand. The music related to the nature is very pure and blessed. The life of the Uttarakhand is shown through folk music with tradition, festivals, and stories. The living style of people in Himalayas and their culture were shown through the folk songs in Uttarakhand.
The different area have different kind of folk songs such as melancholy thadya, jhoda, and khuded, mandal ceremony, and martial panwaras.
There were lots of musical instruments that were used for music like masakbhaja, turri, dhol, daur, ransingha, dholki, and bhankor. The lesser use of harmonium and Tabla also mentioned.
As the time passes, there were lots of changes and transformation in the form of development of music in state of Uttarakhand.
The singers of early time left a great impression on the folk music that were:
- Mohan Upreti is the well known person related to the folk music of Kumaon famous for Rajula Malu Shahi Ballad and Nanda Devi Jagar.
The basic identical song of the Uttarakhand is Bedu Pako Baro Masa sung by him for various years. This song is also known as the marching song and also heard by the Jawahar Lal Nehru in the band march and become his favorite song.
- With the melodious voice, the legend of the Kumaon is Shri Gopal Babu Goswami.
He sings the songs like Kaile baje muruli and Ghughuti na basa are legend on the family members life of armed forces and the women and their husbands started weeping when this song was played on the All India Radio that touches their heart and also the heard the touching voice of Gopal Daas.
- The famous voice of Garhwal is known as Shri Narendra Singh Negi.
One of the famous storyteller and balladeer is named as Chander Singh Rahi. There were very famous legends sing this by him and recording of his songs were very authentic in the hills.
The music of the Uttarakhand give rise to a revolution when the newly talented singers were approached by the various famous music recording and cassette producing companies namely T-Series, Rama Video Cassette, Neelam cassette in the local areas and also they approach singer to make their own recording in the studio of BigBoss digital sound in the Dehradun Uttarakhand. This gives rise to a boom in searching the hidden talent from the field of Uttarkhand and nearby corners and the most popular among them are Heera Singh Rana, Anuradha Nirala, Kapana Chauhan, Fauji Lalit Mohan Joshi,Gajendra Rana, and Pritam Bharatwan. These legends gives their contribution to the folk music of Uttarakhand mainly in Garhwali and Kumaoni music giving lots of music albums and songs.
The pain of the hill people were shown in the singing by the famous identified singer named Heera Singh Rana who is a social activist also.
Fauji Lalit Mohan Joshi also gives lots of hit songs or albums named “Tak Taka Tak Kamla”, “Maya ki Yaad” and many more. Gajendra Rana also give hit songs like ‘Saruli’, ‘Pushpa’, ‘Rani Gorkhani’, ‘Malu’, ‘Rjauli’, ‘Pritam Bhartwan’, and ‘Leel Ghasyari’.
With the advancement in the technology, various other techniques of recordings, video cams, the hidden talent started making their own albums and songs that make the folk dance and music of Uttarakhand very popular among all over the world. The songs of Garhwal and Kumaon were very famous among the people; and in most the marriage functions and festivals, these songs were played on DJ.