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The folk songs of the Tripura were named as TIPRA BHAROT. As the tradition goes in life, all the folk songs in the Tripura were as old as the tribes. Just like all the other state level folk songs, the folk songs of the Tripura were also famous. At the time of unrecognized individuals, these folk songs were composed. There were lots of traditions like superstitions, jhum cultivation, desires, love, thoughts, old traditions, beliefs, festivals, and harvesting upon which all the folk songs were based. These kind of folk songs were as original as at the old time with great enthusiasm and not much change in their form.
Based upon the tradition, the songs of the Tripura were maintained with their rhythms and style and the language of the songs of the Tripura is named as 'Rwchabmung'.
Some kind of Tripuri songs were imitated by the modern hindi songs named as Kok Borok. When at the city of Agartala, a Kokborok programme was performed on All India Radio, then only this trend has came into existence. New songs and compositions were made by the new artistic talent to maintain this form of music. The original songs of Tripura were more famous as they are not imitated and they are very lyrical and melodious in their composition just like the other communities.
The individuals that are connected with these folk songs are very difficult to identify. All the livelihood, environment of the society of Tripura was described through these folk songs. Also the happiness, sorrow, short comings, desires and achievement of the people were narrated in these folk songs. Now a days, all the songs were made of new words but still the people find more interest in the old rhythmic tunes and songs.
The social life, rituals and religions were all described through the folk songs of the Tripura. The language literature of the Tripura is very rich but this is only remained as spoken language. These Tripuri folk songs are very rhythmic and melodious and displayed the tales of the people of the Tripura. It is a great believe that State of Tripura has a capability to generate spontaneous composition of rhythmic and melodious songs that stated the social and religious life of the people of the Tripura. The charming and simple village girls used to sing these songs to express their sorrow, love, and imagination. Through this kind of Tripuri songs, the mother of the state of Tripura instructed their daughter-in-law and sons-in-law. Through the tales of these folks, the children and young ones got the moral lesions. The Tripuri girls get their motivation from the river banks, uphill, and green valley to sing the delightful songs. These Tripuri songs also accompanied with the instrument like bamboo flute. The people of the Tripura do the hard work throughout the day, but still the young one steal time to sing the songs and also made compositions. Through translation, the exact meaning of the folk songs are difficult to convey.
The classification of the folk songs were done based upon the contents of the songs. Only some of the folk songs varieties were described as because of the lack of space and these are:-
Different Type of Songs
- Jadukolija or Jaduni
- Hamjuk Rohomani
- Hachwg Kamani
- Kuchung ha-Sikam
- Waying Khilimani
This song is sung at the time of ceremony held after the new crops were roped. At the time of Mamita festival, the tune sung is basically called as Mamita tune.
- Garia Ruinani
- Longoi Chokmani
These folk songs are also called romantic and love songs. These songs were sung only with the similar voice that is musical.
To commemorate the particular person after the death, this type of folk song is sung. Mostly this song is sung if any person died for the sake of country in the battle field. This is said to be very pathetic.
After becoming Chamari for a less period of time, this kind of song is sung by the groom side people towards the would be-in law. The party named is Chamaritunmani, which is known as the groom party.
This song is sung at the time of departure of bride after her marriage towards her husband’s house. Hamjuk is known as the bride. This kind of song is melancholy.
Due to the long walk and causing of fatigue, the people sing this song when they used to carry the luggage to the another place. So the basic tune is called as Hachwg Kamani.
In the older time it is belief that one person should fight against the Sikam at the time duration of king Dhanya. The person or member is forced to join the force as targated by a messenger. At that time, this folk song was sung and called as Kuchung ha Sikam and this touches the heart of the members when sung.
It is a Lullaby song. This song is sung at the time of lulling.
This is a type of song that is sung at the time of Garia Puja festival.
A cradle was set by the children to play. One child is used to push to swing and other one sits on the cradle. At this time, a song sung is called with the tune named Longoi Chokmani.