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Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) (formerly known as Borivali National Park), is an enormous safe part in the north zone of outlying Mumbai, Maharashtra State in India. The Park covers an extent of 104 km2 (40 sq mi) and is bounded on three bordersthrough India's greatestcrowdedmetropolis. One noteworthything is that it is single main national parks presentinside a cityboundary in Asia and is one of the greateststayed parks in the whole world.
The gorgeousflowers and creatures of Sanjay Gandhi National Park fascinateadditional2 million touristseach year. Travelerssimilarlylike visiting the 2400 agesancientKanhericavernsmolded out of the stonybluffs which isinside the park.
The heaving green parklands of this National Park have a normalatmosphere which visitor’sadoration to evacuation to for instants of silentcontemplation or consideration. The excessivesights of woodlands, peaks, dells, waters and unclutteredareas have a healinginfluence on thoughts, body and personality
Mumbai Suburban District,
IST (UTC +05:30)
104 square kilometres
480 metres (1,570 ft)
mean annual temperature is 27°C with a range of 15°C - 35°C
Around 33.3 °C
This woodland has a pastcourting back to the 4th eraBC.Sopara (Nalasopara) and Kalyantwo harborsexisted nearby Mumbai which practice to line of work with Greece and Middle East. The craftpathjoining the trade centers and these harborsdistributedover this forest. The rock amendedcaverns of Kanheri were earliest Buddhist defrayalscourting back to the 1st era, on this path and likewiseaided as relaxation houses for tourists.The termKanheri is initiated from Sanskrit word "Krishnagiri" means, "Black Crag".
The jungles of Yeur and Naglafounded the state possessionsunderneath the Maratha Kingdom. Once the forest sector came into existence in 1945, the woodlands were measured and transportedinsuitable management. Former the park was "Krishnagiri National Park" and the range was just 20.26 sq. km.
The park of currentextentappeared in 1969, throughfundamentallypatching together the plot of erraticpossession. A self-governingdivision of forest dept. named "Borivali National Park Sub-division" was shapedlater adding the contiguousextents and "Krishnagiri National Park" was retitled as "Borivali National Park". In the initial 80`s it was called as "Sanjay Gandhi National Park"
Best Time To Visit
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is special in its environment, it is tough to identify any specific time as being the finest time. For the utterpleasure of the foliage, wilds and smallfalls&watercourses, rainy season is the greatest time. For bird viewing and overallseeing along with hikes at Kanherimounts, November to February is the perfect months. evereanimalchasingcould be promising in April - May when water amount is restrictedsincediscernibility is the highest.
Distance From –Sanjay Gandhi National Park
|Pune to Mumbai||152 km|
|Baroda to Mumbai||478 km|
|Indore to Mumbai||586 km|
|Ahmedabad to Mumbai||595 km|
|Goa to Mumbai||607 km|
How To Get There
The adjacent airport is Santa Cruz at anexpanse of 16 km for local air travel. This airport is linked to nearly all the main Indian metropolisesthroughconsistent flights. The nearby International airport is Sahara (20kms) which attaches Mumbai to the furtherportions of world.
The distance from Sanjay Gandhi National Park to ChhatrapatiShivaji end railway station is about 40 km. This railway station is connectedpracticallyentireportions of India viaregular trains. The adjacent local railway station to the park is Borivali which is about 2 km.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is well linked to whole Mumbai as well as additional places in Maharashtra throughnice road links. Buses runs on Sunday's and holiday's from Mumbai to the Park. Rentedcars are also accessible to the park on every day from Mumbai.
Things To Do In Sanjay Gandhi National Park
The Kanherior elseKanhaselaCavernssituated well inside the park space are a key point of attraction, givingareachable and excitingsight of the past andethos of Buddhism in India. Maximum of these 109 Buddhist cavernsshaped out of the volcanic astound are modestslightcavities, famous as viharas (chambers for monastics). A little are bigger&cavernouscavitiesnotorious as chaityas (for congregational veneration). The mainwhich has massive figures of stand-up Lord Buddha, 7m in tallness, on every side of the enteringdoorway, a walkway of 34 propsneighboring the internalgreat hall andabovecrowned stupa (monument) at the distant end, all imprinted in to the present basaltic mainstay. These caverns are outmoded from 1st era BC to 9th era AD demonstrating anefficient Buddhist formation of friars which existed on an earliest trade pathlinkingseveral trade hubs& Indian harbors.
The Bestdistinctive And ErraticIdeas, Which Seem At Kanhericaverns, Are
1. An amazing 11 headed Avalokiteshwara.
2. Makara which seems on the Buddha's seat at around shoulder level.
The existence of Funeral ground-cemetery is similarly a sporadic&excitingplace to visit.
The park is a portion of Superior Mumbai which is one of the majorcities in the world. The importantplaces of nterest in the city are the Gateway of India,Elephanta Island, Prince of Wales Museum, Haji Ali's Tomb,Flora Fountain,ChhatrapatiShivaji Terminus, Kamla Nehru Park,Nehru Planetarium, Marine Drive andNehru Science Centre.
Awell-known Jain temple namedTrimurti is in the woodland. This temple is commonly visited by Digambargroup of Jain communal. The Temple has three enormouspinups of lord Adinathh and his two spawns, lord Bahubali and lord Bharat. Several Muni maharaj (Jain Saints) do visit here to speak the admirerspreviously moving forward to other urban or civic.
Lion And Tiger Safaris
Visitors can relishtogether lion and tiger safari at the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Lion fieldtrip is the chiefdesirability of this park which has been drawing persons to the park correctover the park's initial days. Tiger trip is newlyfamiliarized in the park. The lion trip is ended on a 12-hectare range, whereas tiger trip on 20 hectares.
There are around 25 lions in the park in separate cages. Special buses are delivered by the park establishments for lion trip. The park space is extent with denseplantation and trees similar Teak, Bamboo,Kusum,Ain, Khairetc which organize a perfectenvironment for tigers. The terrestrial of 20 hectares for the tigers is delivered with a 5-meter in height and 2,200 meter lengthyshieldingbarrier. The tigers have a distinctenclosure/accommodation for having their mealtimes and asleep at night. Two lookoutfortifications have been provided for the protection of the travelers. Equally the lion trip and tiger trip gives a chance to the tourists to realize and appreciate the two royal animals.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is like a dreamland for ornithologists. According to the bird’sprofessionals, there are above 251 kinds of birdiesdwelling the national park, including of both aquatic birds and land-living birds. Visitors can also gettraveling birds haunting the park. The focal bird types of Borivili National Park are Woodpeckers, Jungle Owlets, Magpies,Hornbills, Great Hornbill, Malabar Pied Hornbill,Indian Grey Hornbill, Bronzed Drongo,Racket-Tailed Drongos, , Ashy Drongo, Robins, Minivets, Golden Orioles,Peacock, Sunbirds, Red Spur fowl, Grey Junglefowl,Indian Peafowl, Emerald Dove, Malabar Trogon,Painted Francolin, Black-hooded Oriole (rtiwp), White-rumpedShama, Blue-capped Rock Thrush etc. On the water panels, fairly a minority of bird classes also can be perceived, viz., Asian Openbill, Spotbill Duck, Lesser Whistling-duck, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, and Pheasant-tailed Jacana. At times, one can also come through Paradise Flycatcher, Kingfisher, Swifts, Gulls, Egrets and Herons at this juncture.
The tweeting and liveliness of these forest and waterbirdies stand in contrast with the herds of bird raptors. Crested Serpent Eagle, Shikra, Osprey, Peregrine Falcon, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Eurasian Marsh Harrier, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Eurasian Eagle Owl, Brown Hawk Owl etc. are few of them.
Entry To The Park Timing : 07.30 to 18.30 hrs.
The following entry fees are recovered at the park entrance gate.
Adult - Rs. 2.00 Per Day
- Child - Rs. 1.00 per day
- Child below 5 years free
- Vehicles - heavy (truck, buses) - Rs. 25.00 per day
- Vehicles - light (cars, tempo etc.) - Rs. 15.00 per day
- Motor cycles, rickshaw - Rs. 5.00 per day
- Tanga (horse carriage) - Rs. 3.00 per day
- Timing: Morning session - 09.00 to 13.00 hrs.
- Evening session - 14.20 to 17.20 hrs.
- Rate (Per trip) - Adult - Rs. 10.00
- Children - Rs. 5.00
- Child below 3 yr. - free
- Buses are available at an interval of 20 min. (closed on Monday)
Mini Train (Vanrani)
Trains are available at an interval of 20 min.
Wildlife In Sanjay Gandhi National Park
The amusing and miscellaneouswoodlandgripsadditional one thousand types of shrubberies, 40 types of animals, 251 of birds, casingseasonal, terrestrial and aquaticbirdies, 38 types of reptiles, 9 types of amphibians as well a hugediversity of fishes.
The park is a shrublover’spleasure in all time of year, with anexcessive amount of biodiversity extending from Adina cardifolia (Kadamb), Albizialebek (Shirish), Pongamiapianata (Karanj), Tectonagrandis (Teak), Dalbergialatifolia (Sesum) to classes of Acacia, Sisyphus and immortalcoverings of Euphorbia. In the dehydrated months as of February to May, enormousblossoming of Buteamonospermous (Blaze of the Jungle) is a meal for one's eyes. Blossoming of Bombaxmalbaricum (Red silk yarn) and Erytherinaindica (Indian coral tree) enhancehue. Bigcoverings of Bamboo, which create the superior impression of the forest,are also there. The forest has so many Vines (forestedplants), a relic from damper greener ancient, variousclasses of Orchids and a hugemultiplicity of flowering shrub. Eachwet season is demonstration of colors from the purplish-blue of ZingiberaceaeClasses to the unambiguoussnowy of CestusTypes. Amongst the numerousenormousvisions, one which beyond doubt is most commendable is the seven yearly bulksblossoming of StrobilanthesClasses (Karvi). It is a section of the Western Ghats and one can catchbroadblossoming in the park. Lots of these floretsshelter the slants giving a florid touch to this gorgeousscene.
Minorcrowds of dotted deer, a lonelySambhar, a scurryingWoofing deer or being amazedthrough a Black slumbered hare running across your footpath are just several of the enjoyablewonders of the National Park;however nothing can actuallyequal the wonder, terror and goose blemishedsensation when one is opposed by a big Leopard. The thickness of Leopards is one of the main for any such desert, which makes this meeting a very actualopportunity. Offensive a Porcupine, which is erratic, or a Tribute civet, barelyperceived these days or come across a barred Hyena can create in anunforgettable experience. The blessedlittle can probablyperceive the mysteriousfour horned antelope or the verynervous Mouse deer. The various types of monkey comprisethe Rhesus macaque, which is a presentedtypes, the Cap macaque and the totallyfruitarian Hanuman langur (leaf monkey). The Indian winged fox is the major of the 17 bat typesoriginate in the park.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a bird viewer’secstasy. As of the littleTick ell’sflowerpecker (minorbirdie in India), numeroustypes of Sunbirds (ancient world same of the humming birdies) to the regalWhite belliedMarine Eagle it is a practicalchromaticmeal with birdiesalikeBliss flycatcher, the subtle Trogon, severalkinds of Kingfishers, Woodpeckers and Drongos the nonstopshouting of the Big green barbet, the excitedlyyelping Parakeets, the metallic sounds of the Racket-tailed Drongo, the melodicsong of the Blue flycatcher or the verypleasanttune of the Malabar screeching thrush or the acquaintedchorus of the Dotted babbler are just a littlefeatures of fauna'spiece of music in this woodland.
The Coldblooded (reptilian) world is finecharacterizedthrough Crocodiles in Tulsipond, Observer lizards, Pythons, Cobras, Russess`scobra, Bamboo pit cobra and the veryerratic Ceylonese cat serpentjustlearned by the supervise of Bombay National History Society. Minor reptiles enhance to the miracle of this park. The invertebrate world from Crabs to Spiders to insects, Massive wood spiders, Sign spiders, Black wood spider with their bignettings in wet season is a pleasure to any environmentalist. The bug world displaysplentifuldifferences in the form of Silk yarn bugs, Creepy-crawlies and numeroustypes of Mantis.
The Butterfly creation is characterized in anattractivevariety of masses and hues and comprises the huge Blue Mormon, the extraordinaryillustrator of disguise the Blue Oak leaf, the cheerful Jezebels and Great Yellow and White Orange tips, Sovereigns, Egg hover, Sailors which are a number ofvariousstriking butterflies one can treasure here.
The Sanjay Gandhi National Park has lodgings both within and exterior the park. A lot ofguesthouses and resorts are available adjacent the park. Few of them are
- Eskay resorts, Borivali west
- U-tan Sea resort, Madh-Marve
- Royal Garden resorts, Borivali west
- Fonsecas beach resort, Borivali west
- Sweet Heart resort, Borivali west
- MatruChhaya And SaiArpan, Borivali west
- Whispering Palms Holiday Private Limited, Borivali west
- The Pavilion, Borivali west
There are four relaxation houses and two campgroundhutsexistinginside the park region for the tourists to reside. These relaxation houses and camps huts are accomplished by the Sanjay Gandhi National Park's establishments. One can communicate the natural world authorities for reservations. The everydayreservation time is from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm.
The weather of the Sanjay Gandhi National park is enjoyablethroughoutwintertime (November-March) and warmthroughoutsummertime. The hotness is on the upswing from the month of March up to the rainsdisruption here in mid-June, and goes on up to September. October gives break from the moistness and hotness in Sanjay Gandhi National park.