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Uttar Pradesh Khari Boli Language
Khariboli is spoken widely in rural areas of Delhi and is the official language of the Indian state Uttar Pradesh. It is also considered as a western Hindi Dialect and can be seen largely orated in southern areas of Uttarkhand. This language is also termed as khari, Khadi boli and Khari Boli. Moreover it is recognised as the main precursor of Urdu Hindi dialect. This language is also measured as standard language after Hindi and Urdu. In ancient times and around 900 to 1200Ce era, this language was initially started in regions of Braj and Awadhi dialects. The Gemination inKhariboli supplies this idiom as a distinctive sound which makes it differ from other languages like Awadhi, Braj, Hindi and Urdu. This language is still same as it was in earlier times. Several developed states of Khariboli can be visible in mediocre literature of 18th century. Only a little has been changed by linguists and experts and they explain this kauravi term which can be used in the dialect of Khari language speaking areas like Saharanpur to Agra. In 19th century this language gained momentum and became a standard dialect of Urdu Hindi. It also flourished more and taught and learned as a subject in several schools. This language has a little Persian influence and regarded as a standard dialect.
During 19th century and in northern India, Khari boli was regarded as a centre of administrative. It is also measured as a dialect of higher standard in Hindi. At the era of 1800’s the professors of Fort William College in Kolkata were enthused to write in different languages. Therefore many literary books like Sukhsagar, Rani Ketaki ki Kahani and Premsagar were printed. After independence that is after 1947, Khari boli was recognised as the official and administrative language of Uttar Pradesh and also approved its Hindi version.
There are several features which separated Khariboli from Urdu Hindi standard dialect. These features are germination, vowel length, different verb forms and limited loss of aspiration. Moreover there were some vocabulary and terminologies dissimilarities with Urdu Hindi dialect as well. Many words were different from Hindi Urdu dialects in Khariboli language. This language although is regarded as a blend of rustic and unworthy idiom but with support of government it has developed and gain some importance with other older languages like Avadhi, braj and Maithili which made it as an official language of Uttar Pradesh.
This Khairboli language is spoken in many rural surroundings of Delhi and north western region of Uttar Pradesh. It is even spoken in several districts of Uttarkhand and Haryana. Moreover In Uttar Pradesh, Khariboli language is spoken in Saharanpur, Nanotta, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut regions. Whereas in Uttarkhand Khariboli is spoken Dehradun and Haridwar cities. Khariboli is even spoken in many parts Haryana like Gurgaon, Ambala, Karnal, Faridabad and Sonepat.
Kauravi and Sankrityayan’s Proposal
Many Linguists promoted that the Hindi Urdu dialect is descended from Khariboli. There were many changes in dialectal from prestige dialect to Khari which lacks concensus. Moreover there were also few changes in this language as per the areas in which it is spoken. The term Khariboli was initially known as Kauravi after Kuru Kingdom of the ancient India. Later on it was named as Khariboli in many districts and regions. The Kauravi dialect was postulated by Sankrityayan as the parent of Delhi Khari specific dialect. He also advocated that standard Hindi Urdu on devanagri Script and Perso Arabic both must be abandoned.
Khariboli in Hindi Urdu Popular Culture
This Khariboli Language is treated as rustic language by the orators of Urdu Hindi Standard dialects. The most famous Indian TV serial known as Hum Log used this Khariboli language. Also Khariboli and Braj bhasa language is compared with the main two dialects of Western Uttar Pradesh. This language is also recommended as the rustic and stiff with uncouthness language by many dialects. Even the speakers of Khariboli are compared and referred to Braj Bhasha and also many other dialects such as Pariboli.
This Khariboli language is related to four registers of Standardized dialects which are Hindi, Urdu, Rekhta and Dakhini. Moreover Standard Hindi in Northern India is considered as the Lingua franca. Even Urdu language is the lingua Franca of Pakistan country whereas Dakhini is the dialect of deccan region in historical literary premises. This rekhta dialect is used as court register form of Urdu in medieval poetry. All these standard dialects when combine with Sansiboli form the dialect of Hindustani group and this group together with Haryanvi, Braj Bhasha, Kauravi and Bundeli forms the Hindi western dialect group.