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Uttar Pradesh Bhojpuri Language
In many parts of northern and eastern India and also in Uttar Pradesh, Bhojpuri language is spoken widely. Moreover it is spoken in many western parts of Bihar and Jharkhand. It is even extensively spoken in Fiji, Mauritius and Guyana cities of world. This language has Dutch lexical influence and is also referred to Surnami language. Many people in surnami region known this language more when compared to Guyana and Fiji. Furthermore this language is even orated broadly in Karachi and Pakistan. Bhojpuri is also considered as a part of Hindi Eastern Language and it also extends from Purvanchal to Bihar. In addition this language is strongly spoken in Banaras and Patna region. Also it is little similar to Awadhi language. In 19th century some magnificent works by renowned writers in this language can be seen in their written books and novels. It is calculated that there are number of Bhojpuri writers in comparison to number of speakers. Also it is visible that there are several eminent personalities and freedom Bhojpuri fighters. The most renowned Padma Shri Sharda Sinha sung many Bhojpuri songs.
No of Speakers
As per the content printed in Times of India a survey has showed that there are total 90 million Bhojpuri speakers. 20 million folks were estimated in Bihar region where as 70 million were found in Uttar Pradesh region. Also there are 6 million orators of Bhojpuri language in Bihar and Purvanchal states. Many people from outside India like in Uganda, Singapore, Trinidad and Canada contains number of Bhojpuri narrators. According to 2001 census there are 33 million speakers of Bhojpuri dialect which come under sub family of Hindi Language. Parichay Das tried best to recognise the Bhojpuri language in constitution. He even organised many programmes and seminars to make this language more renowned.
Moreover numerous Bhojpuri varieties, dialects and creoles are spoken in many parts of India and world. From 19th to 20th century many colonizers face labor shortages and therefore they import many Indian labours. These labours belong to Uttar Pradesh and its nearby regions and they speak Bhojpuri language which made an effect on the people living in other regions also learn and come across Bhojpuri slang. Furthermore this language is broadly influenced by other languages in many parts of world. Furthermore Mauritian Bhojpuri includes Hindi, English and French words.
This Bhojpuri language has been recognised as one of the official languages in India. Bhartendu wrote many literary books in Hindi dialect which are influenced from tone and style of Bhojpuri. Moreover Bisharam was considered as the significant writer of Bhojpuri language. Also Parichay Das wrote many modern poems and writings which are influenced from Bhojpuri slang. Even several Bhojpuri songs, proverbs and riddles were identified and used in more in Purvanchal, Bihar and UP region. Furthermore Bhojpuri literature has contemporary influence. It contains number of folk music and poems. The literature written in Bhojpuri language started in 20th century. This was the British era which made Bhojpuri language to be known as Northern Province Frontier Language. After Independence this language even adopted the Patriotic tone. The literary works in Bhojpuri language are more based on human struggles and sentiments of life. Additionally this language is written in various scripts by numerous renowned people. In 19th century Kaithi and Nastaliq script were written. The most well known thinker, writer and editor in Bhojpuri Language is Parichay Das. He wrote many contemporary poems and writings on Bhojpuri language. He was also the famous editor of Indra Prasth Bhaarti Hindi Magazine as well as he was the secretary of Maithili Bhojpuri Academy. Kaithi script was written in Bhojpuri style and it is used for administrative uses in Mughal era. Whereas all the unofficial works of Muslims were written in Bhojpuri language in Nastaliq script. In addition all the works and scripts of Bhojpuri language are done in Devanagri script. It includes all the official works which were brought out by both devanagri and Kaithi script.
This Bhojpuri language includes three dialects which are as follows:-
Standard Bhojpuri dialect: - This dialect includes all the standard southern areas like Saran, Siwan, Gopalganj in Bihar, eastern Gazipur in Uttar Pradesh and Rohtas.
Western Bhojpuri dialect: - The western dialect involves the areas like Azamgarh, Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh and Varanasi. Moreover Banarasi is termed as the local name for Bhojpuri language. Also there are certain well known names for Western Bhojpuri language which is Purabiya.
Northern Bhojpuri dialect: - This dialect includes the areas of Gorakhpur, Deoria and Basti in Uttar Pradesh. It also concludes Bihar’s Champaran region. This region includes Northern Bhojpuri language which has Maithili influence.
Indian government has ignored the United Linguistic of Bhojpuri because of the caste plagued politics in this Purvanchal or Bhojpur region.
Numerous Bhojpuri newspapers and magazines are printed in Bihar, West Bengal, UP and Assam. The most renowned Parichhan holds important cultural and literary Bhojpuri magazine. Moreover the world’s most known magazine was published in Bhojpuri language. Also many TV shows like Mahuaa and Hamar are telecasted in Bhojpuri language.
Most of the Bhojpuri verbal communication adopts numerous words from Hindi, Urdu and Persian language.
Bhojpuri in Pakistan
At the independence year of 1947, numerous Muslims who speak Bhojpuri migrated to Pakistan and settled down in Karachi. Moreover the Bhojpuri dialect is generally orated by elder folks as compared to younger youth in Karachi. Furthermore Bhojpuri dialect is even known as Bihari dialect in Pakistan.