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Sikkim Nepali Language
Nepalese or Nepali is the language of Indo Aryan group and also the language in Indo European Family. This is the official language and lingua franca of Nepal. This formerly independent language has official status in state of Sikkim and also in Darjeeling district of West Bengal. This language is also considered as one of the 23rd official languages. Bhutan and some areas of Burma contain the influence of Nepali language. Moreover it has gained its immediacy with number of Tibeto Burman languages such as Gurung and Kiranti. Anciently this Nepali language was known as Khaskura language in which Khas means rice farmers. Later on it came to be known as Gorkhali or Gurkhali whihc means the language of Gurkhas. Furthermore Nepali language has distinct names which are Parbatiya, Lhotshammikha. The word and name Nepali means ambiguous.
Script and Literature
Nepali language is usually written in Devanagri script. Initially some evidences were found on Takri script used in Nepali language. Moreover Bhujimol script is considered as older script to Nepal whereas Ranjana script was also used in formulating Nepali language. This language has even created a rich historical literature and therefore contains numerous collection of folk tales.
Number of Speakers
There are endless numbers of speakers especially in Nepal state of India. Approximately two third of mass of Nepal speak Nepali language. This idiom was anciently spoken in western side and hill region of Nepal. Now days this language has widespread all across the India in its several states. It is also spoken in few areas of North east India like Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tiripura, Manipur and Assam. There are about millions of orators in some Indian cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore and Chennai. In 2006 about 20 million speakers of Nepali language were estimated.
History of the language
Since 500 years ago, Khas from Karnali Bheri Seti basin migrated to eastwards and settle down in Gandakis lower Valley. He started doing rice cultivation. Later on 1559 AD a notable family settled in Gorkha which is situated between Kathmandu and Pokhara. Later on in 18th century Prithvi shah raised his army and conquered the foothills of Himalayas and so settled down there. From then onwards he started Gorkhali whihc came to be known as language of gorkhas. Also prithvi shah conquest Kathmandu valley which was known as the region of Nepal. This led Kathmandu as the foundation of new capital of Nepal. Later on diverging with political conflict, the gorkhali language came to be known as Nepali language. This language is extensively spoken all over the Nepal but mostly in west side of Kaligandiki River.
Nepali language is the Indo Aryan language which includes the knowledge of syntax and morphology. Moreover this language uses Devanagri script and is therefore written in standard orientalist style. The nouns used in Nepali language denote female and males being contrasted by suffixation. Furthermore it inherits attenuated gender system. In addition the adjectives can be separated into two categories which are indeclinable and declinable. Also in Nepali language the number of phrases in postpositions acquires one word primary. The pronoun in Nepali language does not differ between genders whereas the verbs in Nepali language highly affect the gender system. They also affect the aspect, mood and tense and also the finite inflected forms. In addition this language holds two infinitives.
Nepali language is considered as the mother tongue of Nepal and is spoken largely by many residents of this state. This language is even spoken in Nepal and is considered as the official language of Nepal. The standard Nepali is spoken in Nepal and it contains three dialects which are central, eastern and western. Dialects can easily be distinguished in other South Asian countries and Nepal. There is also founded some variation in sounds from one region to another.
Nepali language has 11 distinct phonologically vowels, in which there are 5 nasal vowels and 6 oral vowels. The ancient Nepali language contains some Sanskrit phonological variation in vowel length, but there is no such variation in Nepali language spoken. Some long vowels are also used while speaking Nepali language.
In Nepali language there are approximately 10 diphthongs.
Spoken Nepali language contains 27 consonants.
Nepali language has adopted numerous words from Sanskrit phrases which introduce some consonants. These words are not active as some literate speakers do not use them. These loanwords are described and pronounced as Sanskrit grammar words.
This Indo Aryan Language is largely spoken by many people in the Indian state of Nepal. Standard Nepali dialects are fairly distinct from other dialects, as they may vary according to the caste like The Chetri (warrior) dialect, The Brahmin dialect (the priest or the highest), The Vaishya dialects (farmer or trader) and The Shudra dialect (Lowest or the untouchable). This state language of Sikkim and dominant idiom of southern side of Bhutan is majorly used by lingua franca of huge communities. Moreover it contains rich literature and has devanagri dialect to use it as a script.