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Rajasthan Marwari Language
Marwari language is also known as Marwadi, Marvari and Marvadi language. It is widely spoken in the Indian state of Rajasthan and also in nearby state of Haryana and Gujarat. This language is also orated in some eastern parts of Pakistan. This language moreover has largest number of speakers. Approximately 13.2 million speakers are found from which Rajasthan contains 13 million speakers and Eastern Pakistan inhabits 200,000 orators. Also there are about 23 dialects of this Marwari language.
This language is written in Devanagri script same as it is written in Sanskrit, Hindi and Nepali script. Furthermore this idiom has as such no official status and yet not declared as the idiom of education by the government. Recently a push has been made towards its recognition and therefore it came to be stated as language of scheduled caste. As this Rajasthan state recognises Rajasthani as its official language.
Paheli movie used Rajasthani language and it was the mixture of other language even Hindi which was used in it. Marwari is spoken widely in and around the Jodhpur region. Additionally in Pakistan there are two varieties of Marwari. This may not be close to Indian Marwari but has some similar relevance to it.
This Marwari and Gujarati language advanced from Maru Gujar or Gujjar Bhaka, language of the Gurjars. Anciently formal grammar of this Rajasthani language was written by a Jain monk and also prominent scholar Hemachandra Suri.
Classification and Related Languages
Marwari sounds are similar to Haryanvi language and it is even similar to Punjabi, Gujrati, Haryanvi and Hindi. There are also some languages which are closely related to some of Rajasthani languages and that are Gojri, Hadoti, Shekhawati, Dhundhari and Brij and Bagri.
In the Indian state of Rajasthan, Marwari is the prime language. Many Marwari orators have spread widely throughout India and many other countries. Marwari language is mostly found more in the neighbouring states of Haryana and Gujarat. Even in Eastern Pakistan, Marwari language is largely spoken. The Bhopal city also inhabits Marwari language in some of its parts. Approximately 13.2 million speakers are found in Rajasthan region.
The phonology of Marwari language is approximately 50 to 60 percent similar to Hindi language. Also it includes many cognate words with the Hindi language. Some of the notable sound of Marwari language corresponds to Hindi language. Even there is variety of vowel that changes in Marwari language. Furthermore many interrogatives and pronouns in Marwari verbal communication differ from those of Hindi language.
The grammar structure in Marwari language plays a significant role. The grammar of Marwari is quite similar to the grammar of Hindi language. Moreover the major and primary structure of sentence is SOV which is subject- object- verb. Also many interrogatives and pronouns used in this Marwari language differ from those used in Hindi language. Additionally this Harauti language and Marwari language has a clusivity distinction.
This Mewari language has some similar relevance with Hindi language but it is quite different in way of speaking it. They use many words which are not only of Hindi language but are purely from Sanskrit language.
This Marwari language is usually written in Devanagri script. The Mahajani script was anciently and traditionally linked with this language. This ancient script also does not contain any vowels and inhabits only consonants. Moreover in Pakistan this Marwari language was written in Perso Arabic script with lots of modifications. Furthermore the historical Marwari language orthography for the Devanagri script uses some other characters in place of Devanagri standard letters.