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Maharashtra Marathi Language
Marathi people usually talk Marathi language which is also a southern Indo Aryan Language. Moreover it is 19th most spoken language in the world and 23rd official language in India. Additionally this language consists some of the oldest literature of modern Indo European languages and Indic languages. Furthermore this language is considered as the official language of Maharashtra and Goa. In 2001 year there were roughly 72 million speakers of Marathi language.
Marathi is the language which is also used in some official purposes. It is the official and primary language of the Indian state of Maharashtra and also it is the co official language in union territories of Daman and dui. Many universities take Marathi as its most imperative language and so they have made this language as necessary subject in their institutions.
Marathi language is widely spoken in the Indian state of Maharashtra and also in some neighbouring regions like Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The cities like Baroda, Surat and Indore and Gwalior also reside a fair number of Marathi speaking people. It is even spoken broadly in some union territories like Daman and dui.
According to the written historical evidences, Marathi language was believed to date at 8th century. It also became significant court language. Even it contains many novels, books and poems on it. Later on in many years it adapt the language of Marathi and also it grasped many modifications into it and in the end it became an official language. It includes Maharashtri Prakrit. Marathi language was initially copied from Sanskrit language. Moreover Marathi was the executive language earlier and therefore it was given a high legendary level. Furthermore it was widely used in western India. This language last for several hundred years and formed a noteworthy link in the progress of Marathi.
The major dialect division are Ahirani, Varhadi, Vadvali, Zadi boli and Samavedi. The academic and even the print media use the standard form of Marathi dialects. Moreover the major dialect of Marathi language is Warhadi Marathi and Standard Marathi. 42 dialects are recognised by the Indian scholars of Marathi language. Other major dialects include are Nagri, Dangi, Satari or Deshi. All the districts of Maharashtra have different dialects of Marathi language.
The sound in Marathi language is similar as to the echo in Indo Aryan Language particularly that of Konkani language. . Furthermore it lives in some Sanskrit word of pronunciations. Moreover in Marathi language there are two vowels which denote the pronunciations.
In 11th century written Marathi language was first prepared in form of inscriptions, stones and copper plates. Also the Marathi devnagri alphabet is called Balbodh.Moreover the Hindi devanagri alphabet is similar to Marathi devanagri alphabet. From 13nth to mid 20th century, Marathi was written in Modi script. Later in 1950, Marathi language finally contains 16 initial vowel letters and 36 consonants.
- Rajya Marathi Vikas Sanstha
- Marathi Kavita
- Marathwada Sahitya Parishad, Aurangabad
- Marathi Vishwakosh – Marathi encyclopaedia project
- Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh
- Shodh Marathicha
Earlier Sanskrit grammar was taken into deliberation. This Marathi Language shares some of the grammar from modern Indo Aryan language such as Gujarati, Punjabi and Hindi. Maharashtriya Sahitya Prasad depicts several contemporary grammatical rules which became standard. Also a fair number of traditions of Marathi linguistic mentioned some rules which brought a status to Tatsum words. These are also adapted from Sanskrit words. Moreover the primary word order is SOV. Also Marathi language represents some exclusive and inclusive features. In addition Marathi language includes all three grammatical genders from Sanskrit, which are feminine, masculine and neuter. It even contains three grammatical voices.
From many periods and centuries, Marathi language and its people came into contact with many other languages and dialects. Additionally 50% of words are taken and derived from Sanskrit words. Furthermore Marathi language has shared some vocabulary, dialects and little grammar with other languages such as Dravidian language and also from few Persian, Arabic and English and Portuguese languages. Moreover Marathi language has Sanskrit, Maharashtri, Prakrit and Apabhramsa influence.
Morphology and Etymology
Much of these words are more or less unaffected description of their inventive Sanskrit counterparts. Marathi language holds elevated number of Sanskrit derived words than compared to its sister language Hindi words. Some examples of these words, which borrow words from Indian or foreign languages are:-
Even the word Marji which means wish is derived and borrowed from Persian word sefaresh. Adakitta which means nutcracker and it is borrowed from Kannada. Also the word Estek means estate which is borrowed from Englsih word. In addition a lot of English words are essentially used in conversations and they are measured to be completely incorporated into Marathi vocabulary.
Marathi on Computer and Internet
Usually now days Marathi language has made a famous place on Internet. Earlier Marathi undergoes weak computer operating systems but now it has changed and introduction of new projects localisation has been introduced. A large number of newspapers, books and magazines are printed using ASCII code. Therefore many Marathi newspapers, websites and magazines have become popular especially in Maharashtra. In addition Marathi blog roll and Marathi blogs have gained immense popularity and therefore has made compatible to use internet by Marathi people.