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Jharkhand Nagpuri Language
Nagpuri language is a dialect of Marathi language and is spoken largely in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Also many Marathi people living nearby areas of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states of India usually converse in Nagpuri language. As per 2001 census it was estimated that there are 7 million speakers of Nagpuri language. This Nagpuri verbal communication also belongs under Indo European Family group. This family includes few groups such as Indo Aryan, Indo Iranian, Marathi, Southern Zone and Varhadi. Furthermore this language is written in Devanagri script style.
Vocabulary and Grammar
All the dialects in Nagpuri language are reciprocally understandable to one another up to a limit. Moreover each dialect in this language can easily be distinguished and recognised by its exclusive features. Similar in case of Nagpuri language the case endings are replaced with a character it allocates with its adjoining dialect of Khandeshi. This language being the dialect of Marathi language is influenced majorly by Hindi language. The vocabulary and grammar of Nagpuri language are also persuaded by Hindi language. Also there are numerous words in Nagpuri language which are different from standard Marathi Language but closer to Hindi language.
In most of the Dravidian Languages and as well as in Indo Aryan Languages, several Sanskritized words of standard language are used in simple forms. In case of Nagpuri language very little Sanskrit tatsama words complements with standard Marathi language. It is also seen that there are number of words which are indigenous in Nagpuri language which means that they don’t match with Hindi and also not with the Marathi language. It is also found that there are few phrases and words which match very little with older Marathi language.
Additionally this Nagpuri language forms vary as per the region and caste. Moreover the more use of Hindi language in Nagpuri language increases the move of people towards Madhya Pradesh region. Furthermore the use of consonants is present in Nagpuri language but it is absent in Hindi Language.
Nagpuri language is extensively spoken in Vidhraba region of Maharashtra and also in some parts of Jharkhand. Moreover this language is recognised as a dialect of Marathi. Furthermore its dialect is spoken in Wardha and Nagpur region. They are not appropriate and even they are very similar to Nagpuri language. Therefore the people of this society claim that it is a different dialect and it must be known by Nagpuri medium while others claim that this language is a blend of both Jhadiboli and Varhadi.
Issues and Threats
In this phase many dialects are rejected and are also on the merge of threat. Nagpuri language is also not an exception and facing the same issue. Moreover this language has no official status. It is also used as a medium of communication an even education in many communities and universities. Moreover several media and entertainment programmes are broadcasted in Nagpuri language. Even government administration uses this form of language in their use. At some parts of Nagpur and its districts and even villages this language is extensive used. This language at few places has become downward and more urban people prefer to orate in standard Marathi medium of communication. It is even found that many folks are ashamed of narrating this Nagpuri language as it makes them appear of downward region and more of villagers. Therefore from then they tried to learn Marathi language and from then onwards Marathi verbal communication became their medium of statement. Even it was disguised that this Nagpuri language are used in cities to create humours.
Many renowned authors and writers from Vidarbha region of Maharashtra has written great literary books and novels on Nagpuri language. They have rise the status of this verbal communication. Abhangas written in Nagpuri language is narrated by Rashtrasanta Tukdoji Maharaj. This book can easily be understood by the common people.Moreover many radio stations of Nagpur broadcast various channels and its programmes in Nagpuri language as well as in jhadiboli medium also.
Nagpuri language dialect is a alternative of Varhadi dialect. This dialect is the dialect of Marathi language and moreover it is interspersed between local slangs and Hindi words which are spoken in Nagpur district of Central India.