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Jharkhand Angika Language
Angika language is spoken in south Eastern area of Bihar and also in some parts of North Bihar. It is even orated in Maldah district of West Bengal and Santhal Praganas of Jharkhand. This idiom is even recognised as Indo Iranian language of Anga region of India. This region lies within the states of Jharkhand Bihar and West Bengal. Moreover a notable number of Angika speaking folks can be seen in countries like United Kingdom, United States and Gulf countries. Furthermore this language is even narrated in Terai region of Cambodia, Nepal, Malaysia, Vietnam and some Southeast Asian contries.
This Angika language is close to Bangla and Maithili languages. George A. Grierson classified Angika Language as Chikka Chikki. Moreover this idiom has some affinity to Indo Arayan languages such as Oriya, Bengali and Assamese. Furthermore this language traditionally has been identified as Bihari language whihc includes Bhojpuri, Magahi, Angika, Maithili and Vajjika. In ancient historical times it has proved itself as an independent language. In 1961 survey, this language has got its name first time as Angika. In addition verbs i this idiom is similar it is used in Maithili and Bengali languages. For example the word dangaybey is similar in Angika, Maithili and Bengali language. All these languages are sisters of Angika language. Therefore many sentences and words have same meaning if still they are used in different languages. Even the sound or the phonology also exists same tonality whihc at times ca is used in the end of verbs. The grammatical effect of Angika language is highly affected or is majorly similar to its sister languages. The verbs, adverbs and even the tenses all play similar role in comparison with its relative languages. Additionally some vowels and consonants are also exactly same used as it is used in other it’s nearby languages.
Angika language has language family in which Indo European is the family and it consists of some groups under it which are, Indo Iranian, Indo Aryan, Bihari, Eastern and Angika.
The speakers of Angika language varies from region to region. As per SIL Ethnologue report it has been identified that there are 725000 speakers whereas other reports and survey suggests that there are 2.5 crore speakers which is 25 million.
The 8th schedule of the constitution of India does not include Angika as a language. Still the demand for its inclusion is pending in the eighth schedule of Government. It has only included as Chika chiki boli by George A Grierson who conducts its supervision in the year of 1928 Linguistic Survey of India.
Devanagri script was used to jot down Angika language. In ancient era, Anga Lipi was used and later on Kaithi script was used to write Angika language.
This language has various alternative names which are as follows: -
- Chhai – chow
- Chheka – chhiki
This Angika language is spoken widely in many districts. The eastern Bihar region includes the following districts of Madhepura, Purnia, Katihar, Saharsa, Banka, Bhagalpur, Numger and Sheikpura districts. Moreover in Jharkhand region it is extensively orated in Pakur, deoghar and Jamtara districts. Also this language is narrated in many countries of world such as Persian Gulf, United states, United Kingdom and Canada. The Anga speaking people have also settled in many parts of India such as Ludhiana, Jamshedpur and Chandigarh areas. Additionally the people of this Anga region in Bihar prefer to go to Kolkata city for jobs and further higher studies.
Angika Cinema and Literature
On 27 April, 2007, the first Angika language film was released in Laxmi talkies in Bihar. The name of this movie was Khagaria Vali Bhouji. Moreover ther are number of prominent literary writers who wrote many famous books on Angika literature. Also now days many Angika literary books can be seen and availed.
Grammatical Comparison With Other Languages
This Angika language shows a regular contrast for animates. Moreover the prominent scholar of this Angika language was Late Shri Pankaj jee.