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Haryana Punjabi Language
Punjabi is an Indo Aryan Language which is spoken widely by many inhabits of Punjab region. Even in Pakistan, Punjabi language is broadly spoken as their native tongue. In 2008, as per the survey it has recorded that there are 104 million speakers of Punjabi language. &8 million speakers were found in Pakistan whereas 28 million speakers were found in USA, Canada and UK. This language is considered as the 10th most spoken language in the world. Moreover this language has different dialects and is orated in many sub areas of greater Punjab. Punjabi language has Majhi dialect which is considered as the standard and prestige dialect. Furthermore it is also viewed as the textbook of Punjabi language. This language was initially spoken in historical area of Majha. Along with western Pahari and Hindko language, Punjabi language is unusual in Indo European languages because of its tone. It is considered as a tonal language.
Punjabi language is an Indo Aryan Language and is also considered as a descendant of Shauraseni Language. In 11th century it was known as independent language. Moreover this Punjabi language has great historical significance. Many ancient poets and writers wrote various scripts and poems in Punjabi Language. Also the linguist Abraham George in his work used the word Punjabi which refers to many languages spoken in Punjabi region. Furthermore Punjabi language is not the official language of Pakistan but it is considered as the pre dominant language. The Himachal and Haryana region contains maximum number of Punjabi speakers. When it comes to modern Punjabi language, the Majhi standard dialect is used to write it. Pakistani Punjabi inhabits large number of Persian, Arabic and central Asian vocabulary. In addition this Punjabi language depends more on Sanskrit. At Muslim Empire times, Shahmukhi script was used to write Punjabi language. This language is also considered as the 22nd official language in India. It is even first official language in Indian Punjab. Additionally this language is regarded as the provincial language of Punjab and also the second largest populous language in Pakistan.
In ancient times Punjabi language has Indo Aryan dialectology which has created few problems in some languages. But recently this language is considered as a national and official language of Punjab region. Moreover in 1947 year the spilt made Haryana region to recognise its own language known as Punjabi language. Some of the major Punjabi languages speaking centres are Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Chandigarh, Amritsar and Patiala.
The British Linguist George Abraham contains a group of dialects which is known as Western Punjabi. This language is spoken largely in West and north of Punjab heartland. The Lahinda dialect was published in 1919 in a volume of Language survey of India. Moreover this linguist also grouped Southern Lahnda dialect which is identified as Saraiki. This Lahndi or Lahnda dialect faces little controversy. Later on many changes occurred and Pakistan give up their native dialects and adopted Lahnda dialect.
This Punjabi Language includes three different types of tones which are constructed from lost murmured series of consonants. These tones vary from rising to rising falling and they can span over one or two syllable. The tone of Punjabi language depends on three aspects which are high, mid and low.
Punjabi Language includes the grammar of case marking, word order, Verb conjugation and some syntax and morphological structures of Punjabi verbal communication.
For writing Punjabi language, several scripts of different types are used. These scripts depend on the religion of speaker as well as on the region and dialect spoken. Moreover in Punjab Pakistan, Shahmukhi script is used whereas in Punjab state Gurumukhi script is generally used. Even Devanagri script is used by those Punjabis who resides in concentrated amounts in state of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. The most striking feature of Punjabi language is that it even provides A level and GCSE qualifications to United States students.
By Indian constitution, Punjabi Language is identified in Delhi, Haryana and West Bengal as the language of state level. This language has no official recognition in Pakistan country. This country only contains two newspapers and certain magazines which are published in Punjabi language.
Punjabi in Modern Culture
In communications and also in modern media, this Punjabi language is widely used. Moreover in many Bollywood movies and songs, Punjabi language is commonly used. Furthermore in Pakistan and in India, Punjabi pop and folk songs are enjoyed extensively by the people. Even number of Punjabi channels telecast several shows in Punjabi language. Also in Punjab side Pakistan, Punjabi language is used massively. They take interest in learning Punjabi language. However in recent times, a survey shows that Punjabi songs are enjoyed largely by numerous people.