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Arunachal Pradesh English Language
English is first spoken in early medieval England and later on spread all over the world. This West Germanic language is widely spoken by large population in many sovereign states, including Canada, United States, New Zealand, Australia and United Kingdom. It is considered as the third most native language in world after Spanish and Mandarin Chinese. This official language is widely learned by many people all over the world. The word English is derived from the name of Angles. Moreover the English words are developed from the roots of Latin. Modern English inhabits a very large vocabulary, particularly of vowels and also irregular and complex spellings.
This language is sometimes described as first global lingua franca and is spread from British Isles to all over the world. Furthermore it became dominant language in Canada, Australia, United States and New Zealand. In addition it has replaced German as dominant language in 20th century and later surpassed French during last half of the nineteenth century. English has become a requirement in number of fields, professions and occupations. It has become one of the six official languages in United Nations.
English originated in the dialects of North Sea Germanic and were carried by Britain to various parts of the world. Old English was a diverse group of dialects and was transformed by two waves of invasion. Modern English includes the works of William Shakespeare. English served as Lingua franca of colonies of British Empire. This also helps in avoiding the political difficulties inherent in promoting the indigenous languages.
Approximately 375 million people speak English as their language. This is considered as the third largest language after Chinese and Spanish. Different countries have different percentages of people who speak English as their first language. Countries like Jamaica, Nigeria and Philippines have millions of English native speakers. United States, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand have different proportions of people who speak English as their language.
English as a Major and Global Language
English is the primary language in Australia, Belize, Canada, Dominica, New Zealand, Jersey and United States. It is also one of the eleven official languages in South Africa and dependant territories of Australia. Also there are some countries where English has become co official language. It has also become an important language in several former colonies and protectorates of the United Kingdom. This language is so widely spoken that it is also referred as world language.
This internationally treated language is oftenly taught and is taken as foreign language. As compared to other languages this language is given more importance and is practised in many parts of the world. Moreover many books, newspapers and magazines are written in English in many parts of the world. The increasing use of English now days have made a large impact on many other languages. Furthermore it has become more open to language shift as several regional varieties feed back into the language as a whole.
Dialects and Varieties
English has a large number of regional dialects and also contains several native dialects which are widely accepted all over the world. In Oceania, native dialect of Australian English was spoken as a first language by vast majority of inhabitants. There are also numerous varieties of English with different accents and it is also considered as a pluricentric language.
The phonology of English varies between dialects.
Stress, Rhythm and intonation
English is strongly stressed language. It has the capability of distinguishing words. It also contains strong prosodic stress. As regards to rhythm, English is classed as a stress timed language. In comparison with intonation, the pitch of the voice used in English is syntactically.
As compared with other Indo European languages, English has minimal inflection. Modern English lacks grammatical gender and adjectival agreement. Even case marking is disappeared and mostly its survives in pronouns. It has also become analytic and has developed features like modal verbs for conveying meanings.
The vocabulary in English has been changed over the centuries. Many English words came from Germanic and Latin origins. Old English was extremely resourceful and has the ability to express synonyms and shades of meanings. But in case of modern English the role of Synonyms is completely changed which created new English words and terminologies. Also number of Latin words is used in common day speech which has no Germanic influence. Additionally English easily accept technical terms into common usage and therefore imports new phrases and words. Moreover the vocabulary in English is very large and there is no official source to define accepted English words and spellings.
Many words in English are divided between words from Latin and Germanic. Majority of the words came from Germanic words, however number of words related to science, philosophy and mathematics came from Latin. Numerous sets of statistics have been composed to find out English word origins which are still unresolved. Different types of origins like Old Norse origin, French Origin, Low German and Dutch Origins all have performed their own dynamic role in composing English.
The modern English Alphabets contains 26 letters of the Latin Script. Other symbols used in writing English include ligatures. Also there are some diacritics used in writing English. Even the spelling system in English is multilayered. The letters and sound may not vary to each other. Some phonics spellings claim that English is more than 80% phonetic. Therefore this change makes children to learn proper English more than two years and become fluent in speaking English than any other language. In case of consonants the spellings and pronunciation is fairly regular. Many words have silent consonants whereas with vowels the pronunciation and spelling is irregular and many more vowels are used in English.