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Maharashtra Mulshi Dam
Mulshi dam is one of the major dams constructed over River Mula in Pune district of Maharashtra state of India. Entire area around this dam was receiving water for irrigation from Mula River before construction of this dam. Water management was not in order and recycling of the same was also not possible in absence of a dam. Though, in 1882 the construction of this dam was approved by the British government but due to heavy protest of the farmers whose precious lands were captured by the officials on the name of construction of this dam, the construction stopped at many times.
Initially the power plant was established by Tata Power Company Ltd. The production was being done at another power plant namely Bhira. In this plant six units of power generation were installed with the capacity of 25 MW each. Most the power generated in this plant was used by Mumbai. During construction of this dam, a strong protest was done by the farmers whose land was lost in the dam project. The protest was led by Mr. Pandurang Mahadev Bapat. This protest was also named as “Mulshi Satyagrah” and Mr. Pandurang Bapat became a national hero overnight. Finally in 1927 this dam was completed and started power generation.
This dam is located between the geographical coordinates of 18.5440654°N 73.4649509°E. Height of this dam is 48.8 mtr and length is 1533.38 mtr. Water spillway capacity of this dam is 1892 Mtr3/Sec which is ideal for electricity generation as large turbines need this much velocity as minimum. A large water reservoir having the capacity of 1764 TMC is established at this dam. To regulate and discharge the water from large gates established at this dam are supportive in release of required quantity of water. Irrigation cover of this dam is large with the help of various canals an minors connected with both the channels located on either flank of the dam.
This dam has a large attraction point as the surrounding area is very lush and green. The cooling effects of the natural scenic beauty provide the mental satisfaction to the visitors. This dam has been developed as a better spot for picnic and spending wee-ends. The dam is located on high hills of Sahayadri ranges. Koraigadh and Dhangadh forts are also very attractive for visitors. In the forestry around the dam, the wild life is rarely seen but adventures and thrill through a forest track shakes the entire body of human being. Various hotels and tourist resorts have also been developed near the dame to enhance tourism. Better thing is the connectivity. Various link road and approach roads are available in good condition. To reach at this dam, a visitor needs to complete a drive of just 35 kilometers from Pune bye pass road near Baner (Chandni Chowk). National Highway 17 also connects this route near Mangaon.