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Karnataka Tunga Bhadra Dam
Tungabhadra Dam is one of the most important dams located in Karnataka state of India. This dam is located near the Hospet area In Bellary district of the state. Earlier (pre independence, this area was under control of Madras Presidency)) but post independence the dam was constructed as joint venture of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh states. This dam is multipurpose as irrigation, drinking water supply and power generation all the jobs are being catered for by this dam. One of the major contributions of this dam is the control over routine and fatal flood come in this area regularly. This river was also similar to River Damodar in Bihar. Since the dam is constructed there, a permanent check is made over flood in the area. Precious men and material of the area are now contributing in the development of the area.
Before independence of the country, this dam was jointly started by the Hyderabad state and Madras Presidency. C9nstruction took more than 15 years and in between India got freedom and after the independence, the progress work on dam was again jointly started but under the aegis of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh states. This dam was completed in 1953 after a big and concerted efforts put in by all concerned. Large financial investment needed for this dam, this was another reason of delayed construction.
This dam has the pride to be the largest water reservoir made on Tunga Bhadra River. Water storage capacity of this dam is very huge and is more than 100,000 million tmc and this reservoir is spread over an area of 378 SQKM. For long lasting and sustainability, this dam has been constructed with the lime mortar and concrete with iron road. Older technique is used in the construction and 24.65’ thick was has been made with 33 spillways to regulate and control the discharge of water flow. The channel located on the left side of this dam has a canal network which irrigates entire Karnataka state. Right channel is responsible to irrigate the areas in Andhra Pradesh and also some portion of Karnataka. This water reservoir is also utilized for providing necessary water to another barrages located on the Tungabhadra River namely Rajolibanda and Sunkesula. To look after all the disputes related with the water distribution of this river, a tribunal named Krishna Water Dispute Tribunal is organized. Both the states, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh got 151 and 79 tmc water from this project for irrigation purposes in the respective areas.
Sanduru Hills are located on the right side of the dam and creates very scenic and beautiful views. Another viewable creation is a canal which was constructed to supply water to another canal of this dam. This place has also been developed as picnic spot. Connectivity to this place is better as all the transportation means are available to access this dam. Bellary is the nearest Rail Head and also the airport.