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Jharkhand Tilaiya Dam
The Tilaya Dam mainly covered the upper reaches portion of Barakar River of 64.4 kilometres (40.0mi) from its source to the downstream. A narrow Gorge of about 91.4 metres (300 ft) is set up across the river which allows the river to pass through the narrow gorge which makes it cover its each side by 45.7 metres (150 ft). Tilaiya dam is set up in the area which mainly includes forests, waste lands, cultivated lands etc which means about 984 sq km (380 sq mi) of area is work as the catchment area for the dam. According to the weather department, this area receives the 127 centimetre of rainfall annually.
With its maximum height of about 30.2 metres (99 ft), Tilaiya dam is considered one of the gravity dams over the river bed. Tilaiya dam is one of the dams which have maximum discharging capacity of 3852 m cube/s with the help of 14 tainter type crest gates which is of size 3.05m x 9.1 m.The water from Tilaiya dam is used to supply water for the irrigation purpose during the dry season.
In the year of 1953 dated 21st February, Tilaiya dam was inaugurated. It is considered one of the power generators which provides a capacity of 2 x 2 MW.Its become the eye-catching site for those who are passing to the Grand Trunk Road of Barhi which is known by (Patna- Ranchi) road.
A committee was set up in the year of 1943 after the distasting flood occurred where a decision had taken to take the measures against the flood and the responsibility had been given to the committee runs for Damodar valley. In the meeting it was suggested that there should be the formation of committee that similar of committee in the United Nation works with the name of Tennessee Valley Authority. A suggested measures and policy had been taken and outlined in the report against the flood control by the very famous senior engineer W.L Voorduin. This report not only includes the measures for flood control but also for the irrigation, navigation, water supply, power generation etc. In the year of 1948, there was an existence of Damodar Valley Corporation to work for the welfare and the growth of Basin. W.L Voorduin was one of the engineers who were envisaged with the eight multipurpose projects but out of eight only four were passed by the government which was Tilaiya, Durgapur, konar Barrage etc. It was known from the beginning that Tilaiya dam was one of the first dam constructed among the river Barakar whose performance came into existence in the year of 1953. Konar is considered to be the second dam constructed which came into existence in the year 1955 just after two years of Tilaiya dam.The third project of W.L Voorduin which was passed was Maithon project which came into existence in the year 1957. And later fourth project came into existence in the year 1959 known by the name Damodar
The Barakar River
In the eastern part of the country, The Barakar River runs for giving the tributary to the holy river Damodar. Barakar River is considered to be one of the most volatile rivers which cover the eastern part of the India. It is said that the origin of river Barakar is from the small district name as Padma in the district of Hazribagh, from there it moves an area of 225 km (140 mi) to the direction of northern parts which includes a part of Chotanagpur Plateau. Its direction before joining the holy river Damodar is from west to east. It runs for the catchment area of about 6,159 km2 (2,378 sq mi). Barakar River also work as a bridge washer for the bridges constructed over the Grand Trunk Road and at the time of Rainy Season the water from the river is run in all the directions. After a great flood in the year of 1913, a stone bridge had been constructed to protect the districts set up across the river from the water at the time of furious raining. After the World War first and second, the government felt that there was a need of dam across the river which maintain the economy and help in the generation of power for the districts. Another dam was constructed to protect the district at the time of rainy season in the late fifties. The Tilaiya dam was constructed with the estimation that it will provide a silt in to reservoir at a good amount but after the construction got completed it was found that it provides a maximum amount of silt into the reservoir which become the threatened for the reservoir which result a loss of reservoir due to soil erosion in the part of Chotanagpur Plateau. In order to cope with the loss, a committee was appointed in Hazaribagh by DVC. There are a lot of species were get affected in the reservoir such as Catla, Calbasu etc. It is found that the river is passing through a good number of gorges which is of 300 ft in depth.
Urwan Tourist Complex
The tourism Department in Jharkhand has set up a complex for the tourist which is known by the name ‘Urwan’ which is located few metres away from the Tilaiya dam. It is one of the attracting points for the tourist where one can spend their time in various activities such as spending the time at the side of dam, enjoying boating and other water related activities. There also another point which attracts the tourist is Hari Har Dham which is situated at Bagodar. This temple is known for the Shiv Ling which took 30 years to form. The height o the Shiv Ling is about 52 m high which catches the eye of the tourists.
Satagawan Petro Falls
One of the attracting and eye-catching points in Jharkhand is Satagawan. It is place situated few Km away from the Tilaiya dam. It is covered with hills from its all sides and the most important thing which makes it more beautiful is the Petro Fall in between the dense forest. By taking the way from NH 31 of Fatehpur, this directly leads you to the Petro Fall. There are another ways too which lead to the direction of Petro Fall.
Another religious point in Jharkhand is The Makamaro hill which is situated near Dhab also has some religious relevance. It has its own medieval story believed by the people their.