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Jammu & Kashmir Bursar Dam
Bursar dam is located in Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir state of India. This Hydroelectricity project is still constructing over Marusudar River. Hanzal village of the district Doda is the exact place of this project. This project will suffice the electricity requirement of Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh including some portions of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Marusudar River has a steep turns on many areas and flow of the river is also fast. These conditions are better for hydro electricity generation.
Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir has a different and typical geographical condition. The layout of the district is pretty according to construct the hydroelectricity projects. The construction of this dam was started in 1996. Irrigation was not the major problem in the area as the hilly field requires less water and natural slope of the land is able to absorb sufficient rain water according to fertility requirements. Main aim of construction of this dam is to manage water force and velocity to generate hydro electricity so that the increasing requirement of electricity can be meet with satisfaction. In this project, 4 units are being installed with a capacity to generate 255 MW power from each unit. This project is expected to be completed in 2016 and the delay is obvious due to geographical conditions of the area. Various protests have been done in the recent past to stop the construction of this dam. Main reason for protesting against the construction of this dam is the height. Various NGOs are saying that this eight is a hazard to nearby town. 133 kilometers long Marusudar River is the main source of water for this dam. It is estimated that on collision of this dam, more than 4900 acres of the land will be submerged and a precious life will suffer a lot. Hanzal village has also the danger to be displaced.
Height of this dam is 829 ft with a storage capacity of water 200000 acre ft. 4 units of 255 MW power generation capacities each are being installed in this project. Height of the dam is sufficient as the water falls from a natural high point. Turbines are of heavier capacity to take the force of water having been installed. Pakal, Dul, Ratle, Baglihar, Sawalkot and Salal are the list of beneficiary areas either directly or indirectly. Initially it was planned to have 4 spillway gates to regulate the water flow and discharge but the extreme geographical conditions restricted the numbers of gates to 2 only. Estimated cost of this dam is Rs. 4,378.19 Crore. Till May 2012, more than 106 crore Rupees have been expended in the project. 22 ft thick wall protection is provided. This dam is in the shape of Baglihar dam. Concrete slabs, and iron rod slopes for allowing the better water flow in the tank type flow are has been created till date. Recently 2nd unit of the power generation has been installed. The power generation capacity of this unit is 252MW as assessed 255 MW at the time of planning of the project.
This dam is center of attraction as the nearby scenic beautiful places are covered with lush greenery and forestry. Hilly surroundings of this area also attract the visitors. This place is reachable by rail and road transportation. Nearest railway station is Jammu from where road transport is available. State transport provides bus services at regular interval. In the winter season, often the roads are closer due to heavy snowfall. Also in the way, there is land sliding hazards in the monsoon season. Though, the route to this place is very interesting. This place is mainly dominated by the defense personnel due to safety and security from any outside infiltration.