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Himachal Pradesh & Punjab Pandoh Dam
Pandoh dam was constructed over Beas River in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh state of India. This dam was started in 1967 and completed in 1977. Basic purpose of this dam was production of hydro electricity and water management as irrigation was not an issue in the hilly areas of Himachal Pradesh. The water from this dam is goes in Dehar Power House for production of hydro electricity before it discharged to Sutlej River. A 38 KM long tunnel has been made for this purpose. This power plant has the power generating capacity of 990 MW.
Pandoh Dam was planned and designed in 1967 by the CWC and Himachal Pradesh State Government as joint venture. Later complete job related with this dam has been taken over by state government. The water discharged from this dam is collected in Sundar Nagar reservoir for further proceeding through the tunnel to Dehar Power House. Geographical coordinates of this dam are 31°24′47″N 76°52′06″E. There are 3 different channels through which water runs before reaching to Dehar Power House for generation of hydro electricity. This dam was started with the aim of power generation and water management, later drinking water supply responsibility was added to the project. Geographical slope, speed and force of the waves are quite adequate for power generation. Big turbines are used at this power plant.
The dam has the height of 76 mtr and length of 255 mtr. This dam has the capacity to hold the stock of water 1,580,000 m3(2,066,562 cu yd). Water for power generation is released from another portion of the tunnel which is 12.38 KM long, namely Sunder Nagar Slapper tunnel. Complete water is forcibly poured onto the each turbine of 165 MW capacities before it discharged into the River Sutlej. Water reservoir of this dam has the capacity of 3,700,000 m3. The owner of this dam is Bhakhra Management Board Karmachari Sangh. Spillway capacity of this dam is 9,939m3 . This dam also creates Pandoh Lake. Capacity of this lake is 41,000,000 m3 and this is spread in the surface area of 1.7 SQKM. Hydraulic head of this power plant is quite high and installed at 335mtrs. There are 6 turbines of 165 MW capacity are installed to produce 990 MW power in a production year.
This dam has a scenic beauty around it as lush and dense greenery is spread everywhere in the area. Himachal Pradesh tourism department has developed a lot of amenities in this area to enhance tourism. Due to popularity of this dam, a lot of tourists are used to visit this place every year and this strength is increasing day by day. Connectivity to this area is quite frequent as road transportation means are easily available. In the reservoir of this dam, boating facilities are also available. Prior permission of competent authority to visit this power plant is mandatory requirement if a person wants to visit inside the plant.