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Union Public Service Commission
Also considered one of the largest agencies in India under the Central Government, Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is an important body that have been given the autonomous power to organize the high profile competitive examinations from the Civil Services to Engineering Services to the Combined Defence Services Examination amongst others.
Central Government constituted UPSC with the aim to organize and develop more transparency in the country’s administration system through conducting free and effective examination system to recruit the candidates for high profile posts. This Commission has been given the status of agency to work independently and to maintain the total transparency while conducting examinations for the different types of administrative positions including those for National Defence Academy, Naval Academy and Combined Medical Services Examination besides the Civil Services examinations.
Constitution of India has granted the charter of UPSC under the Articles 315 to 323. The main focus is to bring exact system for the examinations for the services under both Union and States. An independent Public Service Commission for Center and the States were considered the need of the hour post country’s independence and the democratic rule of governance.
Composition of UPSC
The team associated with UPSC agency or Commission are solely chosen by the Central Government to ensure they are capable enough to make its administration and control systematic and effective. Hierarchic setup of UPSC is that it is headed through the chairperson and team of ten members who are experts in their own respective areas. Union Public Services Commission (Members) Regulations Act 1969 is applicable for the terms and conditions applicable for the UPSC chairman and all the members chosen to govern this agency.
President appoints UPSC chairman and the rest members. Recruitment of members is processed with this condition that at least fifty percent of UPSC members that are proposed should be either working or retired Civil Servants and are the experienced ones through serving for a decade on the state or central level offices. This agency also has its own secretariat which is chaired by Secretary alongside two Additional Secretaries and other members of agency include few Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and good number of staffs working as supporting team. Each member of the Commission has a tenure of office for six years term and or till one attain the age of 65 years, any of which coming early. Current UPSC members setup is as mentioned below:-
- Chairman – Professor D.P. Agrawal
- Members – Professor Purushottam Agarwal, Dr. K.K. Paul, Mr. I.M.G Khan, Mr. Prashanta Kumar Mishra, Mr. Vijay Singh, Mrs. Rajni Razdan, Dr. Venkatarami Reddy Y, Mrs. Alka Sirohi, Professor David R. Syiemlieh & Mr. Manbir Singh
- Secretary – A Bhattacharyya, IAS
- Additional Secretaries – Mrs. Sanjeevanee Kutty & Mr. R.K. Gupta
Based to its headquarters in the capital Delhi, UPSC has been clearly mandated to work in the areas of recruiting teams whose roles are important for the smooth functioning of central and state offices. UPSC as an agency has been mandated to evaluate and develop the recruitment rules for which it must organize and conduct the examinations pan India to fill the vacancies in center and states administration level offices.
With keeping in view the administration roles into main consideration UPSC keeps conducting examinations on regular intervals as it has been mandated. All the steps are taken through keeping in view constitutional provisions that have been already clearly indicated in Article 320 which is for the Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958.
UPSC keeps submitting various recommendation reports to the Central Government to bring them into practice for maximum reforms in the country’s administrative system through recruiting high caliber officers in both Centre and states. This agency is solely responsible for the recruitment of Group A and Group B posts in all the Central and state level departments as well as ministries concerned. Keeping in view the ardent needs of highly professional culture to fulfill important tasks of the governance system this agency observes and reports to government why certain aspects are better and necessary to implement in the recruitment of officers.
Implementation of Recommendations
With regular submission of reports UPSC works as an advisory board for both the central and state governments to suggest recommendations that could be best implemented to the maximum extent. Recommendations which are mainly aimed at framing or amending various rules for recruitment have already been implemented. Some recommendations are under the implementation phase and are discussed for the best outcome to receive.